Kevin Hybiske

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The mechanisms that mediate the release of intracellular bacteria from cells are poorly understood, particularly for those that live within a cellular vacuole. The release pathway of the obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia from cells is unknown. Using a GFP-based approach to visualize chlamydial inclusions within cells by live fluorescence(More)
The mechanisms of entry for the obligate intracellular bacterium C. trachomatis were examined by functional disruption of proteins essential for various modes of entry. RNA interference was used to disrupt proteins with established roles in clathrin-mediated endocytosis (clathrin heavy chain, dynamin-2, heat shock 70-kDa protein 8, Arp2, cortactin, and(More)
The exit of intracellular pathogens from host cells is an important step in the infectious cycle, but is poorly understood. It has recently emerged that microbial exit is a process that can be directed by organisms from within the cell, and is not simply a consequence of the physical or metabolic burden that is imposed on the host cell. This Review(More)
Plasmodium sporozoites develop within oocysts in the mosquito midgut wall and then migrate to the salivary glands. After transmission, they embark on a complex journey to the mammalian liver, where they infect hepatocytes. Proteins on the sporozoite surface likely mediate multiple steps of this journey, yet only a few sporozoite surface proteins have been(More)
We tested whether cystic fibrosis (CF) airway epithelia have larger innate immune responses than non-CF or cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)-corrected cells, perhaps resulting from ER stress due to retention of DeltaF508CFTR in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and activation of cytosolic Ca(2+) (Ca(i)) and nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB(More)
The precise strategies that intracellular pathogens use to exit host cells have a direct impact on their ability to disseminate within a host, transmit to new hosts, and engage or avoid immune responses. The obligate intracellular bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis exits the host cell by two distinct exit strategies, lysis and extrusion. The defining(More)
Chlamydiae exit via membrane-encased extrusion or through lysis of the host cell. Extrusions are novel, pathogen-containing structures that confer infectious advantages to Chlamydia, and are hypothesized to promote cell-to-cell spread, dissemination to distant tissues and facilitate immune evasion. The extrusion phenomenon has been characterized for several(More)
The role of epithelial polarity and bacterial factors in the control of the innate immune response of airway epithelial cells to Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAK was investigated using a human, nasal cystic fibrosis (DeltaF508/DeltaF508) epithelial cell line CF15 grown as confluent layers on permeable supports. Addition of PAK to the basal surface of CF15 layers(More)
Mammary epithelial 31EG4 cells (MEC) were grown as monolayers on filters to analyze the apical membrane mechanisms that help mediate ion and fluid transport across the epithelium. RT-PCR showed the presence of cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and epithelial Na(+) channel (ENaC) message, and immunomicroscopy showed apical membrane(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Acid secretion by parietal cells involves secretagogue-dependent recycling of the H+-K+-ATPase. Proteins called soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors (SNAREs) have been implicated as participants in membrane trafficking, docking, and fusing processes. Here we studied the intracellular distribution and(More)