Kevin Hawkins

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Evidence about the total cost of health, absence, short-term disability, and productivity losses was synthesized for 10 health conditions. Cost estimates from a large medical/absence database were combined with findings from several published productivity surveys. Ranges of condition prevalence and associated absenteeism and presenteeism(More)
A multi-employer database that links medical, prescription drug, absence, and short term disability data at the patient level was analyzed to uncover the most costly physical and mental health conditions affecting American businesses. A unique methodology was developed involving the creation of patient episodes of care that incorporated employee(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the healthcare costs of acute and chronic pain associated with herpes zoster. DESIGN Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING Inpatient and outpatient care. PARTICIPANTS Patients were selected from Medicare, commercial insurance, and Medicaid claims databases if they had a diagnosis of herpes zoster or postherpetic neuralgia(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to determine the indirect cost burden associated with migraine. METHODS Data were obtained from Thomson-Medstat's Health and Productivity Management (HPM) database for the 2002 through 2003 calendar years. The migraine cohort was composed of patients who had a diagnosis of migraine or migraine-specific abortive(More)
Pain is a frequent and debilitating problem among older adults, decreasing quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. The burden of arthritis, sciatica, and back pain on QOL was estimated using ordinary least squares regression techniques to estimate the impact of each of these types of pain on QOL, controlling for patient demographic,(More)
The objective of this study was to determine if disparities in hip and knee replacement surgery exist among osteoarthritis patients with AARP-branded Medicare supplement plan (ie, Medigap) coverage provided by UnitedHealthcare. Patients were selected into the study if they had 1 or more medical claims with a diagnosis of osteoarthritis from July 1, 2006 to(More)
Sex chromosomes are defined by a non-recombining sex-determining region (SDR) flanked by one or two pseudoautosomal regions (PARs). The genetic composition and evolutionary dynamics of the PAR is also influenced by its linkage to the differentiated non-recombining SDR; however, understanding the effects of this linkage requires a precise definition of the(More)
CONTEXT Treatment-resistant depression is a significant public health problem with profound effects on general medical and mental health-related health care costs. OBJECTIVE To describe health care costs of patients with treatment-resistant depression as their illness progresses, in terms of pharmaceutical and medical expenditures, and to identify factors(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide a current estimate of the national direct health-care cost burden of illness associated with migraine among a US insured population. BACKGROUND Individuals with migraine use health-care resources more than those without migraine, incurring substantial costs to US employers. METHODS The Thomson Medstat's Commercial Claims and(More)
OBJECTIVES Pain can persist long after the resolution of herpes zoster, but little is known regarding its health care costs. The objective of this study was to determine the health care expenditures associated with persisting pain following herpes zoster by comparing expenditures for patients with postherpetic neuralgia or subacute herpetic neuralgia with a(More)