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Uncultivable for more than 25 years, the sex-ratio spiroplasma of Drosophila willistoni grew in a tissue culture medium (H-2) containing an embryo-derived lepidopteran cell line (IPLB-TN-R(2)). After adaptation, it grew in a cell-free H-2 medium. This success demonstrates the usefulness of cell culture systems for cultivation of fastidious microorganisms(More)
Further analysis of three sterol-nonrequiring Mollicutes (strains PS-1, TAC, and YJS) isolated from gut fluids of insects confirms their similarity to Acholeplasma. They are serologically distinct from acholeplasmas of vertebrates and several other sterol nonrequiring Mollicutes isolated from plant surfaces. The PS-1 strain had a DNA G + C content of 31 mol(More)
Significant changes have been made in the systematics of the genus Spiroplasma (class Mollicutes) since it was expanded by revision in 1987 to include 23 groups and eight sub-groups. Since that time, two additional spiroplasmas have been assigned group numbers and species names. More recently, specific epithets have been assigned to nine previously(More)
WHEN E. O. WILSON PROCLAIMED THAT INSECTS ARE THE “little creatures who run the world” (1), he was simply reaffi rming the long-recognized dominance of the largest class of animals on our planet. Insects constitute approximately 53% of all living species, with one group alone (the ants), accounting for almost a quarter of terrestrial animal biomass (2).(More)
Several spiroplasmas (helical, motile mollicutes) were previously shown to contain extrachromosomal DNA (E-DNA) elements in the form of viruses (double-stranded viruses or the replicative form of single-stranded viruses) or plasmids. These elements are now being investigated as potential vectors for use in spiroplasma transformation systems. Described(More)
Characterization of an extrachromosomal element from an organism in the genus Spiroplasma is likely to be an essential step in the development of cloning vectors which replicate in these organisms. A restriction map for an 11-kb element, designated pCT-1, isolated from Spiroplasma taiwanese strain CT-1 (ATCC 43302) has been constructed using the restriction(More)
Progenies from some wild-caught females of Drosophila willistoni and three other sibling species are entirely female. The proclivity for production of unisexual female progeny by these flies was named the sex ratio (SR) trait and was originally thought to be genetic. However, experiments in the laboratory of Donald F. Poulson in the early 1960s demonstrated(More)
An unidentified Babesia was seen in a blood smear from a cat showing signs of anaemia. The cat responded to treatment with diminazene (Berenil). The morphology of the parasite is described and a comparison is made with other Babesia which have been described from the domestic cat and wild felids. This parasite most closely resembled B. herpailuri described(More)
Spiroplasmas were observed in seven species of the family Tabanidae (horse flies and deer flies). This is the fifth family of the order Diptera now known to harbor spiroplasmas. Noncultivable spiroplasmas were seen in the hemolymph of three species of the genus Tabanus, and cultivable forms were isolated from the guts of six species in three genera.(More)