Kevin H Gardner

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We describe a dominant negative (DN) to activation protein-1 (AP1) that inhibits DNA binding in an equimolar competition. AP1 is a heterodimer of the oncogenes Fos and Jun, members of the bZIP family of transcription factors. The DN, termed A-Fos, consists of a newly designed acidic amphipathic protein sequence appended onto the N-terminus of the Fos(More)
The products of the p53 and CBP/p300 genes have been individually implicated in control of cell growth and regulation of transcription. p53 is known to act as a positive and negative regulator of gene expression. Here we show that p53, in both wild-type and mutant conformation, forms a specific protein complex with p300. However, in its wild-type but not(More)
Classical studies show that for many proteins, the information required for specifying the tertiary structure is contained in the amino acid sequence. Here, we attempt to define the sequence rules for specifying a protein fold by computationally creating artificial protein sequences using only statistical information encoded in a multiple sequence alignment(More)
Erythrocyte adducin is a membrane skeletal protein that binds to calmodulin, is a major substrate for protein kinase C, and associates preferentially with spectrin-actin complexes. Erythrocyte adducin also promotes association of spectrin with actin, and this activity is inhibited by calmodulin. This study describes the isolation and characterization of a(More)
Pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) maintain self-renewal and the potential for rapid response to differentiation cues. Both ESC features are subject to epigenetic regulation. Here we show that the histone acetyltransferase Mof plays an essential role in the maintenance of ESC self-renewal and pluripotency. ESCs with Mof deletion lose characteristic(More)
Germline mutations of BRCA1 predispose women to breast and ovarian cancers. However, the downstream mediators of BRCA1 function in tumor suppression remain elusive. We found that human BRCA1-associated breast cancers have lower levels of SIRT1 than their normal controls. We further demonstrated that mammary tumors from Brca1 mutant mice have low levels of(More)
XLP is caused by mutations affecting SAP, an adaptor that recruits Fyn to SLAM family receptors. SAP-deficient mice recapitulate features of XLP, including increased T cell activation and decreased humoral responses post-infection. SAP-deficient T cells also show increased TCR-induced IFN-gamma and decreased T(H)2 cytokine production. We demonstrate that(More)
Protein photosensors are versatile tools for studying ligand-regulated allostery and signaling. Fundamental to these processes is the amount of energy that can be provided by a photosensor to control downstream signaling events. Such regulation is exemplified by the phototropins--plant serine/threonine kinases that are activated by blue light via conserved(More)
The aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT) is a promiscuous bHLH-PAS (Per-ARNT-Sim) protein that forms heterodimeric transcriptional regulator complexes with several other bHLH-PAS subunits to control a variety of biological pathways, some of which are centrally involved in disease initiation and/or progression. One of these is the hypoxia(More)
The interleukin-2 CD28 response element (CD28RE) acts as a composite enhancer, in conjunction with a 3'-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate response element (TRE)-like element, to confer CD28 receptor-dependent inducibility to the interleukin-2 promoter in T-cells. When inserted as a single copy upstream of a basal promoter, this composite enhancer, termed(More)