Kevin Guedj

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BACKGROUND The atheromodulating activity of B cells during the development of atherosclerosis is well documented, but the mechanisms by which these cells are regulated have not been investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS Here, we analyzed the contribution of Qa-1-restricted CD8(+) regulatory T cells to the control of the T follicular helper-germinal center(More)
AIMS The goal of this study was to characterize the role of inflammatory macrophages in the induction of the vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC)-mediated formation of aortic tertiary lymphoid organs (TLOs). METHODS AND RESULTS Mouse bone marrow-derived M1 macrophages acted as lymphoid tissue inducer cells. Indeed, they expressed high levels of tumour(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental atherosclerosis is characterized by the formation of tertiary lymphoid structures (TLOs) within the adventitial layer, which involves the chemokine-expressing aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs). TLOs have also been described around human atherothrombotic arteries but the mechanisms of their formation remain poorly investigated.(More)
Cardiovascular disease due to accelerated atherosclerosis is the leading cause of death in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Noteworthy, accelerated atherosclerosis in SLE patients appears to be independant of classical Framingham risk factors. This suggests that aggravated atherosclerosis in SLE patients may be a result of increased(More)
BACKGROUND Since red blood cells (RBCs) are the predominant cellular blood component interacting with the arterial wall, we explored the role of RBCs efferocytosis by vascular smooth muscle cells (vSMCs) in the initiation of human atheroma. METHODS AND RESULTS The comparison of human healthy aortas with aortic fatty streaks or fibroatheromas revealed that(More)
Acute intestinal ischemic injury (i3) is a life-threatening condition with disastrous prognosis, which is currently difficult to diagnose at the early stages of the disease; a rapid diagnosis is mandatory to avoid irreversible ischemia, extensive bowel resection, sepsis and death. The overlapping protein expression of liver and gut related to the complex(More)
CD31, a trans-homophilic inhibitory receptor expressed on both T- and B-lymphocytes, drives the mutual detachment of interacting leukocytes. Intriguingly, T cell CD31 molecules relocate to the immunological synapse (IS), where the T and B cells establish a stable interaction. Here, we show that intact CD31 molecules, which are able to drive an inhibitory(More)
AIMS Accumulation of atrial adipose tissue is associated with atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. We examined the relationship between the characteristics of fatty infiltrates of the atrial myocardium and the history of AF. METHODS AND RESULTS Atrial samples, collected in 92 patients during cardiac(More)
AIMS The loss of the inhibitory receptor CD31 on peripheral T lymphocytes is associated with the incidence of atherosclerotic complications such as abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in patients and plaque thrombosis in mice. However, we have recently discovered that a small fragment of extracellular CD31 remains expressed on the surface of the apparently(More)