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OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to examine the relationship of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), body weight (BMI percentage [BMI%]), and monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) in children. METHODS A case-control study design was used. All children were 5 to 15 years of age; case patients were recruited from a comprehensive sleep disorders center(More)
Abdominoscrotal hydrocele is a rare condition where a large hydrocele is connected to a preperitoneal space through the inguinal canal. We present a case of a young male with an abdominoscrotal hydrocele who showed gross absence of an epididymis upon hydrocele removal. Upon pathological examination, epididymal tissue was found to be incorporated into the(More)
Clinical monitoring of organ-transplant recipients suggests that administration of cyclosporine (CsA) may increase the risk of atherosclerosis when compared with the general population. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the utility of the in vitro Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP)-1 human monocyte cell culture model for determining drug-related(More)
BACKGROUND Data indicate that tacrolimus and cyclosporine A (CsA) differentially affect the risk of atherosclerosis. The results of our recent in vitro studies of clinically relevant CsA concentrations demonstrated the modulation of macrophage scavenger receptors (MSRs) involved in atherogenesis. This work evaluated the effects of clinically relevant(More)
Overactive bladder (OAB) with or without a neurogenic etiology that is refractory to conventional first-, second-, and third-line therapies is a challenging condition that typically leaves the physician and the patient with few options. Historically, treatment for patients who did not respond to any of the few pharmacologic choices focused on more invasive(More)
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