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Collision cross sections in both helium and nitrogen gases were measured directly using a drift cell with RF ion confinement inserted within a quadrupole/ion mobility/time-of-flight hybrid mass spectrometer (Waters Synapt HDMS, Manchester, U.K.). Collision cross sections for a large set of denatured peptide, denatured protein, native-like protein, and(More)
The use of radio-frequency (RF)-only ion guides for efficient transport of ions through regions of a mass spectrometer where the background gas pressure is relatively high is widespread in present instrumentation. Whilst multiple collisions between ions and the background gas can be beneficial, for example in inducing fragmentation and/or decreasing the(More)
Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) of peptides plays a key role in the field of proteomics, and an understanding of the fragmentation mechanisms involved is vital for data interpretation. Not all the fragment ions observed by low-energy collision-induced dissociation of protonated peptides are readily explained by the generally accepted structures for a- and(More)
The precise mechanism of protein folding remains elusive and there is a deficiency of biophysical techniques that are capable of monitoring the individual behavior of copopulated protein conformers during the folding process. Herein, an ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) device integrated with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) has been used to(More)
We have examined the architecture of a protein complex in the absence of bulk water. By determining collision cross sections of assemblies of the trp RNA binding protein, TRAP, we established that the 11-membered ring topology of the complex can be maintained within a mass spectrometer. We also found that the binding of tryptophan enhances the stability of(More)
We have used ion mobility-mass spectrometry combined with molecular modeling for the separation and configurational analysis of three low-molecular-weight isomeric organoruthenium anticancer complexes containing ortho-, meta-, or para-terphenyl arene ligands. The isomers were separated using ion mobility based on traveling-wave technology and the(More)
Mounting evidence points to the soluble oligomers of amyloid β (Aβ) peptide as important neurotoxic species in Alzheimer's disease, causing synaptic dysfunction and neuronal injury, and finally leading to neuronal death. The mechanism of the Aβ peptide self-assembly is still under debate. Here, Aβ1-40 peptide oligomers were studied using mass spectrometry(More)
The structures of peptide a- and b-type fragment ions were studied using synthetic peptides including a set of isomeric peptides, differing in the sequence location of an alanine residue labeled with (15)N and uniformly with (13)C. The pattern of isotope labeling of second-generation fragment ions derived via a(n) and b(n) ions (where n = 4 or 5) suggested(More)
Multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) ratios as provided by tandem mass spectrometers are used to confirm positive residue findings (e.g. veterinary drugs or pesticides). The Commission Decision 2002/657/EEC defines tolerance levels for MRM ratios, which are intended to prevent the reporting of false positives. This paper reports findings where blank sample(More)
Ion mobility mass spectrometry experiments enable the characterization of mass, assembly, and shape of biological molecules and assemblies. Here, a new radio-frequency confining drift cell is characterized and used to measure the mobilities of peptide, protein, and protein complex ions. The new drift cell replaced the traveling-wave ion mobility cell in a(More)