Kevin Gaffney

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An increasing number of reports is challenging the notion that the antitumor potential of the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib (Celebrex®) is mediated primarily via the inhibition of COX-2. We have investigated this issue by applying two different analogs of celecoxib that differentially display COX-2-inhibitory activity: the first analog, called(More)
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) effectiveness can be improved by employing combined modality approaches involving pharmaceuticals targeting the tumor microenvironment and/or tumor cell death pathways. In one approach, combining PDT with celecoxib improves long-term tumoricidal activity without increasing normal tissue photosensitization. However, side effects(More)
Inhibition of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) by the selective COX-2 inhibitor celecoxib has been suggested as potentially useful for B-cell lymphoma therapy. However, additional pharmacological activities of celecoxib have been discovered and have challenged the notion that its antitumor effects are mediated primarily via the inhibition of COX-2. To shed light on(More)
Moderate activity of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress response system exerts anti-apoptotic function and supports tumor cell survival and chemoresistance, whereas its more severe aggravation may exceed the protective capacity of this system and turn on its pro-apoptotic module. In this study, we investigated whether the combination of two pharmacologic(More)
The anticancer potency of green tea and its individual components is being intensely investigated, and some cancer patients already self-medicate with this "miracle herb" in hopes of augmenting the anticancer outcome of their chemotherapy. Bortezomib (BZM) is a proteasome inhibitor in clinical use for multiple myeloma. Here, we investigated whether the(More)
The cellular processes of autophagy and endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) appear to be interconnected, and it has been proposed that autophagy may serve to reduce ERS via removal of terminally misfolded and aggregated proteins. Conversely, there are indications that blockage of autophagy may increase ERS. Based on earlier work demonstrating that(More)
Our laboratory has previously shown that a novel compound, 2,5-dimethyl-celecoxib (DMC), which is structurally similar to the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib but lacks the COX-2-inhibitory function, mimics the antitumor effects of celecoxib. Most studies on DMC, however, focused on its effects on tumor cells. Here, we investigated the(More)
Enzymes that modify the epigenetic status of cells provide attractive targets for therapy in various diseases. The therapeutic development of epigenetic modulators, however, has been largely limited to direct targeting of catalytic active site conserved across multiple members of an enzyme family, which complicates mechanistic studies and drug development.(More)
The green tea polyphenol epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was reported to effectively antagonize the ability of Bortezomib (BZM) to induce apoptosis in cancer cells. This interaction was attributed to the formation of a covalent adduct between a phenolic moiety of EGCG with the boronic acid group of Bortezomib. However, the structural details of this boron(More)
GOLDEN et al. GREEN TEA NEUTRALIZES BORTEZOMIB THERAPY Journal section designation MYELOID NEOPLASIA Title Green tea polyphenols block the anticancer effects of bortezomib and other boronic acidbased proteasome inhibitors Bylines Encouse B. Golden, Philip Y. Lam, Adel Kardosh, Kevin J. Gaffney, Enrique Cadenas, Stan G. Louie, Nicos A. Petasis, Thomas C.(More)