Kevin Farrell

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The relationship between severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI or Dravet syndrome) and the related syndrome SMEI-borderland (SMEB) with mutations in the sodium channel alpha 1 subunit gene SCN1A is well established. To explore the phenotypic variability associated with SCN1A mutations, 188 patients with a range of epileptic encephalopathies were(More)
Glucose transporter-1 deficiency syndrome is caused by mutations in the SLC2A1 gene in the majority of patients and results in impaired glucose transport into the brain. From 2004-2008, 132 requests for mutational analysis of the SLC2A1 gene were studied by automated Sanger sequencing and multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. Mutations in the(More)
BACKGROUND The full spectrum of clinical manifestations and outcome, and the potential importance of regional or demographic features or viral triggers in paediatric multiple sclerosis (MS), has yet to be fully characterised. Our aim was to determine some of these characteristics in children with MS. METHODS 137 children with MS and 96 control(More)
OBJECTIVE To accurately define the electroclinical features of absence seizures in children with newly diagnosed, untreated childhood absence epilepsy (CAE). METHODS The authors searched an EEG database for absence seizures in normal children with new onset untreated absence epilepsy. Seventy consecutive children were classified into IGE syndromes. The(More)
PURPOSE Factors influencing the electroencephalography (EEG) features of absence seizures in newly presenting children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) have not been rigorously studied. We examined how specific factors such as state, provocation, age, and epilepsy syndrome affect the EEG features of absence seizures. METHODS Children with(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether valproic acid (VPA) influences urinary levels of 15-F2t -isoprostane (15-F2t -IsoP), a marker of oxidative stress, in children. STUDY DESIGN Morning urine samples were collected from children with epilepsy receiving VPA (n = 25), carbamazepine (n = 16), or clobazam (n = 12) for > or = 4 weeks and from age-matched control(More)
The severe hepatotoxicity of valproic acid (VPA) is believed to be mediated through reactive metabolites. The formation of glutathione (GSH) and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) adducts of reactive intermediates derived from VPA and two of its metabolites, 2-propyl-4-pentenoic acid (4-ene-) and 2-propyl-2,4-pentadienoic acid [(E)-2,4-diene VPA], was investigated in(More)
Reactive and hepatotoxic metabolites formed from the biotransformation of valproic acid (VPA) are normally detoxified by conjugating with GSH and followed by mercapturic acid metabolism to produce their respective N-acetylcysteine (NAC) conjugates. Hence, the levels of NAC conjugates of VPA in human urine are an indirect measure of exposure of the liver(More)
PURPOSE To analyze electroclinical features of absence seizures during sleep. PRINCIPAL RESULTS 30 children with genetic generalized epilepsy had 52 paroxysms of GSW >2s during sleep. 18/52 (35%) demonstrated a clinical sign. Ictal GSW lasted an average of 6.5s. CONCLUSION Motor manifestations are seen during GSW>2s in sleep. 72% likely represent true(More)