Kevin Engels

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Arginine deficiency and/or increased levels of circulating nitric oxide (NO) synthesis (NOS) inhibitors can cause reduced NOS, which may contribute to hypertension in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). To test these hypotheses, NO oxidation products (NO(2) + NO(3) = NO(x)) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the vasodilatory second(More)
These studies were conducted in the conscious, chronically catheterized rat to determine whether the endothelial derived relaxing factor (EDRF) controls renal function in the normal state. Administration of the EDRF synthesis inhibitors N-monomethyl-L-arginine (NMA; 100 mg/kg body weight) or N-nitro-L-arginine methylester (NAME; 10 mg/kg body wt) led to a(More)
The inbred obese Zucker (ZDF/Gmi, fa/fa) rat develops severe hyperglycemia and also exhibits severe renal disease. In this study, we compared the relative benefits of long-term treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) to a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist. Four groups of obese inbred Zucker rats were(More)
The renal responses to acute blockade of the endothelial-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) resemble the renal actions of angiotensin II (ANG II), and the present studies were conducted to establish what role, if any, the endogenous renin-angiotensin system plays in mediating the renal response to acute EDRF blockade. These studies were conducted in the(More)
Acute nitric oxide blockade not only potentiates the vasoconstrictor actions of endothelin but also enhances the synthesis and release of endothelin. To investigate whether the vasoconstrictor actions of acute nitric oxide blockade are modulated by endothelin, studies were conducted in the conscious, chronically catheterized rat. Renal function was measured(More)
OBJECTIVE The continued development and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) has given rise to concerns over the potential for human health effects. Although the understanding of cardiovascular ENM toxicity is improving, one of the most complex and acutely demanding "special" circulations is the enhanced maternal system to support fetal development. The(More)
To investigate the activity of nitric oxide (NO) in control of renal hemodynamics during aging, studies were conducted on conscious Sprague-Dawley rats aged 3-5 mo (young, Y) and 18-22 mo (old, O). Blood pressure (BP) and renal vascular resistance (RVR) were higher in O vs. Y in control, and acute systemic NO synthesis inhibition (NOSI) increased BP and(More)
The tone in the renal vasculature is determined by the balance between vasoconstrictor and vasodilator agents. In this study, the effect on renal function was investigated when the acute blockade of the endogenous nitric oxide system was superimposed on a state of high circulating angiotensin II. Studies were conducted in the conscious, unstressed rat(More)
We conducted studies in conscious chronically catheterized, trained young (3-5 months) and old (18-20 months) rats to assess the impact of aging on baseline renin activity (PRA) and metabolic clearance rate (MCR) of angiotensin II (ANG II). We observed that under unstressed conditions the baseline values of PRA and plasma ANG II were no different in young(More)
Endothelin (ET) is a powerful vasopressor agent that is activated in a number of pathophysiologic states where renal perfusion is reduced. Since renal vasoconstriction occurs as part of renal aging, we investigated the possibility that ET may be activated in the old kidney. These experiments involved acutely blocking endogenous ET with Bosentan (a(More)