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Acute nitric oxide blockade not only potentiates the vasoconstrictor actions of endothelin but also enhances the synthesis and release of endothelin. To investigate whether the vasoconstrictor actions of acute nitric oxide blockade are modulated by endothelin, studies were conducted in the conscious, chronically catheterized rat. Renal function was measured(More)
These studies were conducted in the conscious, chronically catheterized rat to determine whether the endothelial derived relaxing factor (EDRF) controls renal function in the normal state. Administration of the EDRF synthesis inhibitors N-monomethyl-L-arginine (NMA; 100 mg/kg body weight) or N-nitro-L-arginine methylester (NAME; 10 mg/kg body wt) led to a(More)
Arginine deficiency and/or increased levels of circulating nitric oxide (NO) synthesis (NOS) inhibitors can cause reduced NOS, which may contribute to hypertension in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). To test these hypotheses, NO oxidation products (NO(2) + NO(3) = NO(x)) and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP), the vasodilatory second(More)
The tone in the renal vasculature is determined by the balance between vasoconstrictor and vasodilator agents. In this study, the effect on renal function was investigated when the acute blockade of the endogenous nitric oxide system was superimposed on a state of high circulating angiotensin II. Studies were conducted in the conscious, unstressed rat(More)
To investigate the activity of nitric oxide (NO) in control of renal hemodynamics during aging, studies were conducted on conscious Sprague-Dawley rats aged 3-5 mo (young, Y) and 18-22 mo (old, O). Blood pressure (BP) and renal vascular resistance (RVR) were higher in O vs. Y in control, and acute systemic NO synthesis inhibition (NOSI) increased BP and(More)
The inbred obese Zucker (ZDF/Gmi, fa/fa) rat develops severe hyperglycemia and also exhibits severe renal disease. In this study, we compared the relative benefits of long-term treatment with angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition (ACEI) to a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist. Four groups of obese inbred Zucker rats were(More)
The renal responses to acute blockade of the endothelial-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) resemble the renal actions of angiotensin II (ANG II), and the present studies were conducted to establish what role, if any, the endogenous renin-angiotensin system plays in mediating the renal response to acute EDRF blockade. These studies were conducted in the(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a tonically produced vasodilator that maintains blood pressure (BP) in the normal animal. In these studies, we produced chronic NO blockade by oral administration of the NO synthesis inhibitor nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), which produced sustained hypertension and increased renal vascular resistance (RVR) in conscious rats.(More)
Studies were conducted to investigate the impact of nitric oxide synthesis inhibition on blood pressure and glomerular hemodynamic adaptations to pregnancy in the rat. In normal pregnancy, urinary excretion of NO2 + NO3 (NOx), reflecting increased nitric oxide (NO) production, progressively increased. Blockade of NO production in virgin and late pregnant(More)
L-Arginine is the physiological substrate of nitric oxide, a vasodilator that controls blood pressure and renal hemodynamics in the basal state. In the present studies, we produced chronic nitric oxide blockade by oral administration of the L-arginine analogue NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester, which produced sustained hypertension and increased renal(More)