Kevin E Strecker

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We report the attainment of simultaneous quantum degeneracy in a mixed gas of bosons (lithium-7) and fermions (lithium-6). The Fermi gas has been cooled to a temperature of 0.25 times the Fermi temperature by thermal collisions with the evaporatively cooled bosons. At this temperature, the spatial size of the gas is strongly affected by the Fermi pressure(More)
Attraction between the atoms of a Bose-Einstein condensate renders it unstable to collapse, although a condensate with a limited number of atoms can be stabilized by confinement in an atom trap. However, beyond this number the condensate collapses. Condensates constrained to one-dimensional motion with attractive interactions are predicted to form stable(More)
We have used optical molecular spectroscopy to probe the many-body state of paired 6Li atoms near a broad Feshbach resonance. The optical probe projects pairs of atoms onto a vibrational level of an excited molecule. The rate of excitation enables a precise measurement of the closed-channel contribution to the paired state. This contribution is found to be(More)
We have converted an ultracold Fermi gas of 6Li atoms into an ultracold gas of 6Li2 molecules by adiabatic passage through a Feshbach resonance. Approximately 1.5 x 10(5) molecules in the least-bound, v=38, vibrational level of the X1Sigma(+)(g) singlet state are produced with an efficiency of 50%. The molecules remain confined in an optical trap for times(More)
We variationally determine the dynamics of bright soliton trains composed of harmonically trapped Bose-Einstein condensates with attractive interatomic interactions. In particular, we obtain the interaction potential between two solitons. We also discuss the formation of soliton trains due to the quantum mechanical phase fluctuations of a one-dimensional(More)
We review recent experimental and theoretical work on the creation of bright matter wave solitons in Bose–Einstein condensates. In two recent experiments, solitons are formed from Bose–Einstein condensates of 7Li by utilizing a Feshbach resonance to switch from repulsive to attractive interactions. The solitons are made to propagate in a one-dimensional(More)
We propose a new scheme for the production of milli-Kelvin molecules via kinematic cooling through collisions with atoms in a magnetooptical trap (MOT). We will discuss the kinematic conditions necessary for producing cold molecules, the limits of the final attainable temperatures and the experimental implementation of this technique. Finally, we will look(More)
A slow atom source, which does not rely on lasers, has been developed and characterized. The device, acting as an atomic low-pass velocity filter, utilizes permanent magnets to passively select the slow atoms present in a thermal atomic beam. Slow atoms are guided along a curved, conduction-limited tube by an octupole magnetic field, while fast atoms,(More)
We report the acceleration and deceleration of H(2) molecules in a supersonic molecular beam by means of its interaction with an intense optical gradient from a nanosecond far-off-resonant optical pulse. The strong optical gradients are formed in the interference pattern of two intense optical pulses at 532 nm. The velocity distribution of the molecular(More)
We report the first measured differential cross sections for rotationally inelastic collisions between ND(3) and Ne, obtained using velocity-mapped ion imaging. In these experiments, ND(3) molecules initially in the J = 0, K = 0 and J = 1, K = 1 quantum states collide with Ne atoms at a center-of-mass collision energy of 65 meV, leading to rotational(More)