Kevin E. Finucane

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To examine the effect of hyperinflation on the volume displaced by diaphragm motion (DeltaVdi), we compared nine subjects with emphysema and severe hyperinflation [residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC) 0.65 +/- 0.08; mean +/- SD] with 10 healthy controls. Posteroanterior and lateral chest X rays at RV, functional residual capacity, one-half(More)
Progressive threshold loading (PTL) is frequently used to assess inspiratory muscle endurance in health and disease. We and others have noted a systematic increase in endurance with the first few exposures to the task in subjects previously naïve to PTL, which may not be related to conditioning of the muscles themselves. The purpose of this study was to(More)
To develop an accurate method to measure the volume displaced by diaphragm motion (DeltaVdi) breath by breath, we compared DeltaVdi measured by a previously evaluated biplanar radiographic method (Singh B, Eastwood PR, and Finucane KE. J Appl Physiol 91: 1913-1923, 2001) at several lung volumes during vital capacity inspirations in 10 healthy and nine(More)
Diaphragm activation can be quantified by measuring the root mean square of crural EMG (RMSdi) (Beck J, Sinderby C, Lindstrom L, and Grassino A, J Appl Physiol 85: 1123-1134, 1998). To examine intersubject and day-to-day variation in the RMSdi-Pco(2) relationship, end-tidal Pco(2), minute ventilation (Ve), respiratory frequency (f(B)), and RMSdi were(More)
The pathological features in the lung in asbestosis and cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis are similar. Patients with asbestosis, however, appear to have less severe impairment of transfer factor (TLCO) than those with fibrosing alveolitis for a given level of radiographic abnormality when assessed on the basis of the International Labour Organisation (ILO)(More)
Transcutaneous bilateral phrenic nerve stimulation (tPNS) is frequently used to assess diaphragmatic function in humans. Commonly, stimulation is performed with hand-held electrodes; however, these are unsuitable for studies requiring repeated PNS and where recruitment of rib cage and neck muscles may shift the probes in relation to the nerves. In this(More)
To quantify any mechanical inhibitory effect of nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on inspiratory activity of the diaphragm we ventilated five conscious relaxed subjects on two occasions at respiratory rates similar to quiet breathing (QB) and at three levels of applied pressure (Pappl)--6, 9 and 12 cmH2O, each during hypocapnia (P(CO2)(More)
Hyperpnea with exercise or hypercapnia causes phasic contraction of abdominal muscles, potentially lengthening the diaphragm at end expiration and unloading it during inspiration. Muscle efficiency in vitro varies with load, fiber length, and precontraction stretch. To examine whether these properties of muscle contractility determine diaphragm efficiency(More)
A semi-automatic method is described for tracking the contour of the diaphragm in lateral X-ray image sequences. It is part of a method being developed to quantify diaphragm function non-invasively. Initialization is achieved by interactive segmentation of the diaphragm contour and identification of landmarks. The method relies on modelling the contour(More)
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