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To refine the functional guidelines for operability for lung resection, we prospectively studied 55 consecutive patients with suspected lung malignancy thought to be surgically resectable. Lung function and exercise capacity were measured preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively. Preoperative pulmonary scintigraphy was used to calculate the(More)
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are related to narrowing of the upper airway. A mandibular advancement splint (MAS) could improve both conditions by increasing oropharyngeal and hypopharyngeal dimensions. The effects of a MAS on snoring and OSA was evaluated 3.5 +/- 2.1 (mean +/- SD) mo after issue in 57 subjects with habitual loud snoring, 39 of(More)
To examine respiratory muscle recruitment pattern during inspiratory loading and role of fatigue in limiting endurance, we studied seven normal subjects on 17 +/- 6 days during breathing against progressive inspiratory threshold load. Threshold pressure (Pth) was progressively increased 14 +/- 5 cmH2O every 2 min until voluntary cessation (task failure).(More)
To examine mechanisms responsible for reduced lung volumes (restriction) in asbestos-related pleural fibrosis (APF), we studied diaphragm function and lower rib-cage excursion in 26 subjects with previous asbestos exposure and no evidence of asbestosis. Using posteroanterior (PA) and lateral chest radiographs taken at residual volume and at 25%, 70%, and(More)
To quantify any mechanical inhibitory effect of nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) on inspiratory activity of the diaphragm we ventilated five conscious relaxed subjects on two occasions at respiratory rates similar to quiet breathing (QB) and at three levels of applied pressure (Pappl)--6, 9 and 12 cmH2O, each during hypocapnia (P(CO2)(More)
To examine the effect of hyperinflation on the volume displaced by diaphragm motion (DeltaVdi), we compared nine subjects with emphysema and severe hyperinflation [residual volume (RV)/total lung capacity (TLC) 0.65 +/- 0.08; mean +/- SD] with 10 healthy controls. Posteroanterior and lateral chest X rays at RV, functional residual capacity, one-half(More)