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OBJECTIVES In addition to the high incidence of squamous carcinoma of the oesophagus among South African men, the neoplasm is also characterized by an exceptionally latent course and poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to review a cohort of patients with carcinoma of the oesophagus presenting to the Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town and evaluate(More)
The most accessible points of call for most African populations with respect to primary health care are traditional health systems that include spiritual, religious, and herbal medicine. This review focusses only on the use of herbal medicines. Most African people accept herbal medicines as generally safe with no serious adverse effects. However, the(More)
AIM Recent studies have emphasized the importance of the extracellular microenvironment in modulating cell growth, motility, and signalling. In this study we have evaluated the ability of a fibroblast derived-extracellular matrix (fd-ECM) to regulate type I collagen synthesis and degradation in fibroblasts. MAIN METHODS Fibroblasts were plated on plastic(More)
The extracellular matrix (ECM) provides the microenvironment that is pivotal for cell growth, motility, attachment, and differentiation. Advances in cell culture techniques have led to the development of cell-derived ECM model systems that are more reflective of the in vivo architecture of the ECM in tissue. In this study, a fibroblast-derived ECM (fd-ECM)(More)
Clinical oncology is in need of therapeutic innovation. New hypotheses and concepts for translation of basic research to novel diagnostics and therapeutics are called for. In this context, the cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis rests on the premise that tumors comprise tumor cells and a subset of tumor-initiating cells, CSCs, in a quiescent state(More)
Polymorphisms in MSH3 gene confer risk of esophageal cancer when in combination with tobacco smoke exposure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the methylation status of MSH3 gene in esophageal cancer patients in order to further elucidate possible role of MSH3 in esophageal tumorigenesis. We applied nested methylation-specific polymerase chain(More)
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) represent an area being intensively researched for tissue engineering and regenerative medicine applications. MSCs may provide the opportunity to treat diseases and injuries that currently have limited therapeutic options, as well as enhance present strategies for tissue repair. The cellular environment has a(More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) have the potential to differentiate into all cells of the three germ layers, thus making them an attractive source of cells for use in regenerative medicine. The greatest challenge lies in regulating the differentiation of hESCs into specific cell lineages by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. In this study we(More)
The tumour microenvironment plays a crucial role in tumour progression and comprises tumour stroma which is made up of different cell types and the extracellular matrix (ECM). Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are part of the tumour stroma and may have conflicting effects on tumour growth. In this study we investigated the effect of Wharton's Jelly-derived(More)
Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has greatly improved health parameters of HIV infected individuals. However, there are several challenges associated with the chronic nature of HAART administration. For populations in health transition, dual use of medicinal plant extracts and conventional medicine poses a significant challenge. There is need to(More)