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Previous studies of emotion recognition suggest that detection of disgust relies on processing within the basal ganglia and insula. Research involving individuals with symptomatic and pre-diagnostic Huntington's disease (HD), a disease with known basal ganglia atrophy, has generally indicated a relative impairment in recognizing disgust. However, some data(More)
Cognitive change following bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery in those with Parkinson's disease (PD) has led to equivocal results. The current study applied a standardized regression-based (SRB) method based on 20 medically managed PD patients and 20 STN DBS PD surgical patients who were administered the Repeatable(More)
OBJECTIVE PREDICT-HD is a large-scale international study of people with the Huntington disease (HD) CAG-repeat expansion who are not yet diagnosed with HD. The objective of this study was to determine the stage in the HD prodrome at which cognitive differences from CAG-normal controls can be reliably detected. METHOD For each of 738 HD CAG-expanded(More)
Huntington's disease has been linked with fronto-subcortical neuropathology and behaviors consistent with this dysfunction. Little is known about these "frontal" behaviors in the earliest phase of the illness. Comparisons between participants in the Predict-HD study (745 "expansion-positive" and 163 "expansion-negative" control subjects) on the Frontal(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compares self-paced timing performance (cross-sectionally and longitudinally) between participants with prodromal Huntington's disease (pr-HD) and a comparison group of gene non-expanded participants from affected families (NC). METHOD Participants (747 pr-HD: 188 NC) listened to tones presented at 550-ms intervals, matched that pace(More)
Although initially developed as a brief dementia battery, the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) has not yet demonstrated its sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive powers in detecting cognitive impairment in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Therefore, the current study examined the(More)
We examined the gold standard for Huntington disease (HD) functional assessment, the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS), in a group of at-risk participants not yet diagnosed but who later phenoconverted to manifest HD. We also sought to determine which skill domains first weaken and the clinical correlates of declines. Using the UHDRS Total(More)
BACKGROUND Although functional task-specific training is a viable approach for upper extremity neurorehabilitation, its appropriateness for older populations is unclear. If task-specific training is to be prescribed to older adults, it must be efficacious and feasible, even in patients with cognitive decline due to advancing age. OBJECTIVE This(More)
Executive functioning and processing speed have been related to physical functioning in non-demented, elderly samples; however, the relationship between walking speed and global cognition has not been examined. Six hundred and seventy-five community dwelling older adults were enrolled through their primary care physicians. Walking speed was assessed on a(More)
Recent research suggests that cognitively normal African Americans are more likely to be misdiagnosed as impaired compared to Caucasians due to lower neuropsychological test scores (e.g., Manly et al., 1998). Given this, the present study sought to determine whether such racial discrepancies exist on the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of(More)