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Intranasal (i.n.) vaccination represents an attractive non-invasive alternative to needle-based injection and provides superior protection at mucosal surfaces. However, new formulations are needed to improve efficacy and reduce the refrigerated storage and distribution requirements associated with standard liquid vaccines. Here, we describe a powder(More)
Anthrax remains a serious threat worldwide as a bioterror agent. A second-generation anthrax vaccine currently under clinical evaluation consists of a recombinant Protective Antigen (rPA) of Bacillus anthracis. We have previously demonstrated that complete protection against inhalational anthrax can be achieved in a rabbit model, by intranasal delivery of a(More)
A new anthrax vaccine under clinical investigation is based on recombinant Bacillus anthracis protective antigen (rPA). Here, we investigated microneedle-based cutaneous and nasal mucosal delivery of rPA in mice and rabbits. In mice, intradermal (id) delivery achieved up to 90% seroconversion after a single dose, compared with 20% after intramuscular (im)(More)
The purpose of this research was to prepare a dry powder vaccine formulation containing whole inactivated influenza virus (VIIV) and a mucoadhesive compound suitable for nasal delivery. Powders containing WIIV and either lactose or trehalose were produced by lyophilization. A micro-ball mill was used to reduce the lyophilized cake to sizes suitable for(More)
Packaging of drugs in prefillable syringes offers considerable advantages over conventional vials. Almost all major biotech molecules are available on the market today in prefilled syringes, and are safe and efficacious. Newer high-concentration liquid formulations, especially fusion proteins, however, can suffer from instability in prefilled syringes due(More)
Deamidation of the recombinant protective antigen (rPA) correlates with decreased effectiveness of the vaccine in protecting against infection by Bacillus anthracis. We present data demonstrating dramatic deamidation of amino acid positions 713 and 719 of rPA adsorbed onto aluminum hydroxide gel, an adjuvant, relative to rPA stored in solution without(More)
The recombinant plague antigen, F1-V, was studied for its structural characteristics using several biophysical techniques. A larger apparent molecular weight relative to its calculated molecular weight obtained from size exclusion chromatography, an unusually large R(g) obtained from MALS, and ANS dye binding studies which indicate that all hydrophobic(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether lactoferrin, specifically endogenous mouse lactoferrin and exogenous intraperitoneal lactoferrin treatment, plays a role in reducing the chorioretinal damage in the laser-induced model of choroidal neovascularization. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four 532-nm argon laser spots were placed between the retinal vessels of each eye. At(More)
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