Kevin D Croft

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n-3 fatty acids reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease via a number of possible mechanisms. Despite this, there has been concern that these fatty acids may increase lipid peroxidation. The data in vivo are inconclusive, due in part to limitations in the methodologies. In this regard, the measurement of F2-isoprostanes provides a reliable assessment of in(More)
Arachidonic acid is a major fatty acid that can be metabolized by the cytochrome P450 enzyme to a number of bioactive eicosanoids. A major metabolite of this oxidation is 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid, which acts as a potent vasoconstrictor. However, in the kidney, its vasoconstrictor actions can be offset by its natriuretic properties. A(More)
The study examines the effects of the antioxidant flavonoid Pycnogenol on a range of cognitive and biochemical measures in healthy elderly individuals. The study used a double-blind, placebo-controlled, matched-pair design, with 101 elderly participants (60-85 years) consuming a daily dose of 150 mg of Pycnogenol for a three-month treatment period.(More)
OBJECTIVE Animal and clinical studies have suggested that polyphenols in fruits, red wine, and tea may delay the development of atherosclerosis through their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated whether individual dietary polyphenols representing different polyphenolic classes, namely quercetin (flavonol), (-)-epicatechin(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess effects of dietary supplementation with coenzyme Q10 (CoQ) on blood pressure and glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes, and to consider oxidative stress as a potential mechanism for any effects. SUBJECTS AND DESIGN Seventy-four subjects with uncomplicated type 2 diabetes and dyslipidaemia were involved in(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary flavonoids may improve endothelial function and ultimately lead to beneficial cardiovascular effects. OBJECTIVE The objective was to assess whether pure dietary flavonoids can modulate nitric oxide and endothelin-1 production and thereby improve endothelial function. DESIGN A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial in 12(More)
Flavonoids and phenolic acids are widely distributed in higher plants and form part of the human diet. Recent interest in these substances has been stimulated by the potential health benefits arising from the antioxidant activity of these polyphenolic compounds. This review outlines the basic chemistry, biosynthesis, and structure-activity relationships of(More)
The two main types of tea are green and black. Both green and black teas are rich dietary sources of flavonoids. Available evidence suggests that regular tea consumption may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. The cardiovascular health benefits of drinking tea are thought to be largely due to flavonoids. Tea intake and intake of flavonoids found in(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing evidence that oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of hypertension and endothelial dysfunction. Thus, dietary antioxidants may beneficially influence blood pressure (BP) and endothelial function by reducing oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE To determine if vitamin C and polyphenols, alone or in combination, can lower BP,(More)
1. This study was designed to seek evidence for excessive lipid peroxidation in pre-eclamptic women using 8-iso-prostane as a novel bioactive marker of lipid peroxidation in vivo. Plasma free, total and urinary 8-iso-prostane were measured in 20 women with proteinuric pre-eclampsia, and compared with 18 age- and gestation-matched pregnant control subjects,(More)