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The atomic force microscope (AFM) is emerging as a powerful tool in cell biology. Originally developed for high-resolution imaging purposes, the AFM also has unique capabilities as a nano-indenter to probe the dynamic viscoelastic material properties of living cells in culture. In particular, AFM elastography combines imaging and indentation modalities to(More)
Knowledge of brain tissue mechanical properties may be critical for formulating hypotheses about traumatic brain injury (TBI) mechanisms and for accurate TBI simulations. To determine the local mechanical properties of anatomical subregions within the rat hippocampus, the atomic force microscope (AFM) was adapted for use on living brain tissue. The AFM(More)
Myocardial elastography (ME), a radio frequency (RF)-based speckle tracking technique with one-dimensional (1-D) cross correlation and novel recorrelation methods in a 2-D search was proposed to estimate and fully image 2-D transmural deformation field and to detect abnormal cardiac function. A theoretical framework was first developed in order to evaluate(More)
In our previous work, bone cell networks with controlled spacing and functional intercellular gap junctions had been successfully established by using microcontact printing and self assembled monolayers technologies [Guo, X. E., E. Takai, X. Jiang, Q. Xu, G. M. Whitesides, J. T. Yardley, C. T. Hung, E. M. Chow, T. Hantschel, and K. D. Costa. Mol. Cell.(More)
With relatively high frame rates and the ability to acquire volume data sets with a stationary transducer, 3D ultrasound systems, based on matrix phased array transducers, provide valuable three-dimensional information, from which quantitative measures of cardiac function can be extracted. Such analyses require segmentation and visual tracking of the left(More)
Respiratory impedance (Zrs) data at lower (less than 4 Hz) and higher (greater than 32 Hz) frequencies require more complicated inverse models than the standard series combination of a respiratory resistance, inertance, and compliance. In this paper, a forward-inverse modeling approach was used to provide insight on how the parameters in these more(More)
Cell based treatments for myocardial infarction have demonstrated efficacy in the laboratory and in phase I clinical trials, but the understanding of such therapies remains incomplete. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are classically defined as maintaining the ability to generate mesenchyme-derived cell types, namely adipocytes, chondrocytes and osteocytes.(More)
Matrix-phased array transducers for real-time three-dimensional ultrasound enable fast, non-invasive visualization of cardiac ventricles. Segmentation of 3D ultrasound is typically performed at end diastole and end systole with challenges for automation of the process and propagation of segmentation in time. In this context, given the position of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of the superficial zone in regulating the frictional response of articular cartilage. This zone contains the superficial protein (SZP), a proteoglycan synthesized exclusively by superficial zone chondrocytes and implicated in reducing the friction coefficient of cartilage. DESIGN Unconfined compression creep tests with(More)
Matrix-phased array transducers for real-time 3-D ultrasound enable fast, noninvasive visualization of cardiac ventricles. Typically, 3-D ultrasound images are semiautomatically segmented to extract the left ventricular endocardial surface at end-diastole and end-systole. Automatic segmentation and propagation of this surface throughout the entire cardiac(More)