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The immunocytochemical identification and characterization of indigenous dermal dendritic cells (dermal dendrocytes) using a rabbit polyclonal antibody to clotting enzyme factor XIII subunit A (FXIIIa) was carried out on normal and inflamed human cutaneous tissue. The immunophenotype of FXIIIa positive dendritic cells was analysed with a panel of 18(More)
The objective of these studies was to characterize the IL-1 inhibitory activity present in normal and psoriatic epidermis from clinically stable lesions. Fractionation of normal epidermal cytosol on a molecular sizing column failed to reveal the presence of IL-1 inhibitory bioactivity. However, specific ELISAs indicated that both the IL-1 receptor(More)
T memory/effector cells (Tmem/eff) isolated from psoriatic patients are chronically activated and poorly suppressed by regulatory T cells (Treg). The proinflammatory cytokine IL-6, which signals through Stat3, allows escape of Tmem/eff cells from Treg-mediated suppression in a murine system. We show here that IL-6 protein is markedly elevated and most(More)
The balance between regulatory and effector functions is important for maintaining efficient immune responses, while avoiding autoimmunity. The inflammatory skin disease psoriasis is sustained by the ongoing activation of pathogenic effector T cells. We found that a CD4(+) T lymphocyte subpopulation in peripheral blood, phenotypically CD25(high), CTLA-4(+),(More)
Human autoimmune diseases are characterized by systemic T cell dysfunction, resulting in chronically activated Th1 and Th17 cells that are inadequately suppressed by regulatory T cells (Tregs). IL-6, which is overexpressed in tissue and serum of patients with autoimmune diseases, inhibits human Treg function. We sought to determine the mechanism for the(More)
CD11b+ monocytic/macrophagic cells (Mo/Mph), which infiltrate into skin after UV irradiation, play an important role in UV-induced immunosuppression. Because in mice, blockade of CD11b (iC3b receptor) on monocytes and depletion of its ligand, iC3b, reverses UV-induced immunosuppression, we asked whether iC3b is deposited in human skin after UV, and whether(More)
Complement component 3 (C3), a critical regulator of innate immunity, may also play a role in the regulation of cognate immunity, such as contact sensitivity responses. Because ultraviolet (UV) radiation also activates C3 in the skin, we determined whether the immunosuppressed state that results when a contact sensitizer is applied through UVB-exposed skin(More)
Patients with psoriasis have systemic and vascular inflammation and are at increased risk for myocardial infarction, stroke, and cardiovascular death. However, the underlying mechanism(s) mediating the link between psoriasis and vascular disease is incompletely defined. This study sought to determine whether chronic skin-specific inflammation has the(More)
BACKGROUND A twin pair can provide a rare opportunity to control for genetic susceptibility and exposure variables, which often serve as major confounders in population-based studies on the relationship between smoking and skin aging. OBSERVATIONS We describe a unique twin pair who spent not only their first 2 decades of life together but also in their(More)