Kevin Charles Patterson

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Alterations in the protein tyrosine phosphatase N22 (PTPN22) gene affect the threshold for lymphocyte activation. The PTPN22 1858T polymorphism leads to uninhibited T-cell receptor cascade propagation. An elevated PTPN22 1858C/T genotype frequency has been correlated with several autoimmune disorders which have T-cell and humoral components. However, a(More)
The atomic force microscope (AFM) is a popular instrument for studying the nano world. AFM is naturally suitable for imaging living samples and measuring mechanical properties. In this article, we propose a new concept of an AFM-based nano robot that can be applied for cellular-level surgery on living samples. The nano robot has multiple functions of(More)
UNLABELLED Distinct biochemical, electrochemical and electromechanical coupling processes of pancreatic β-cells may well underlie different response patterns of insulin release from glucose and capsaicin stimulation. Intracellular Ca(2+) levels increased rapidly and dose-dependently upon glucose stimulation, accompanied with about threefold rapid increases(More)
There remain major gaps in our knowledge regarding the detailed mechanisms by which autoantibodies mediate damage at the tissue level. We have undertaken novel strategies at the interface of engineering and clinical medicine to integrate nanoscale visual and structural data using nanorobotic atomic force microscopy with cell functional analyses to reveal(More)
We present the nanosurgery on the cytoskeleton of live cells using AFM based nanorobotics to achieve adhesiolysis and mimic the effect of pathophysiological modulation of intercellular adhesion. Nanosurgery successfully severs the intermediate filament bundles and disrupts cell-cell adhesion similar to the desmosomal protein disassembly in autoimmune(More)
Integrins are dynamic transmembrane cation-dependent heterodimers that both anchor cells in position and transduce signals into and out of cells. We used an atomic force microscope (AFM)-based nanorobotic system to measure integrin-binding forces in intact human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells. The AFM-based nanorobot enables human-directed,(More)
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