Kevin C. Reilly

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Languages vary idiosyncratically in the sets of referents to which common nouns are applied. To use nouns as a native speaker would, second language learners must acquire language-specific naming patterns, not merely a language-tolanguage correspondence. We asked second language learners to name household objects in English and in their native language, to(More)
Campylobacter species are a leading cause of foodborne illness in the United States, but few population-based data describing patterns and trends of disease are available. We summarize data on culture-confirmed cases of Campylobacter infection reported during 1996-1999 to the Foodborne Diseases Active Surveillance Network (FoodNet) system. The average(More)
Condensed tannins in forage legumes improve the nutrition of sheep by reducing ruminal degradation of plant protein and increasing crude protein flow to the intestine. However, the effects of condensed tannins in forage legumes on rumen bacterial populations in vivo are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the specific effects of(More)
A novel proteolytic bacterium was isolated from rumen contents of New Zealand cattle grazing fresh forage and was designated strain B316(T) (T = type strain). Strain B316(T) cells were straight to slightly curved rods (width, 0.4 to 0.6 microns; length, 1.3 to 3.0 microns) that were gram-positive and possessed a single subterminal flagellum. This isolate(More)
An alpha-amylase gene product was isolated from apple fruit by reverse-transcriptase PCR using redundant primers, followed by 5' and 3' RACE. The gene is a member of a small gene family. It encodes a putative 46.9 kDa protein that is most similar to an alpha-amylase gene from potato (GenBank accession M79328). In apple fruit this new gene was expressed at(More)
dl-Alanine was produced from glucose in an Escherichia coli pfl pps poxB ldhA aceEF pTrc99A-alaD strain which lacked pyruvate-formate lyase, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) synthase, pyruvate oxidase, lactate dehydogenase, components of the pyruvate dehydogenase complex and over-produced alanine dehydrogenase (ALD). A two-phase process was developed with cell(More)
In order to characterize the thermodynamic constraints on the process of integral membrane protein folding and assembly, we have conducted a biophysical dissection of the structure of bacteriorhodopsin (BR), a prototypical alpha-helical integral membrane protein. Seven polypeptides were synthesized, corresponding to each of the seven transmembrane(More)
The proteolytic activities of eight strains of ruminal bacteria isolated from New Zealand cattle were characterized with respect to their cellular location, response to proteinase inhibitors and hydrolysis of artificial proteinase substrates. The Streptococcus bovis strains had predominantly cell-bound activity, which included a mixture of serine and(More)
Artificial microRNAs (amiRNAs) are used for selective gene silencing in plants. However, current methods to produce amiRNA constructs for silencing transcripts in monocot species are not suitable for simple, cost-effective and large-scale synthesis. Here, a series of expression vectors based on Oryza sativa MIR390 (OsMIR390) precursor was developed for(More)