Kevin C Leonard

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Emission of 50 kHz ultrasonic calls in rats is known to be associated with appetitive behavioural situations and positive social interactions. The purpose of the study was to pharmacologically characterize amphetamine-induced 50 kHz calls and to perform quantitative mapping of this response in the nucleus accumbens. Injections of amphetamine into the(More)
Understanding the relationship between the structure and the reactivity of catalytic metal nanoparticles (NPs) is important to achieve higher efficiencies in electrocatalytic devices. A big challenge remains, however, in studying these relations at the individual nanoparticle level. To address this challenge, we developed an approach using nanometer scale(More)
Photoelectrochemical water splitting to generate H2 and O2 using only photon energy (with no added electrical energy) has been demonstrated with dual n-type-semiconductor (or Z-scheme) systems. Here we investigated two different Z-scheme systems; one is comprised of two cells with the same metal-oxide semiconductor (W- and Mo-doped bismuth vanadate), that(More)
Here we demonstrate the use of a previously reported pattern recognition algorithm to evaluate correlations between 50 different materials properties of the elements and their kinetics for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. We determined that the melting point and bulk modulus of the elements quantitatively gave the highest correlations of all(More)
We report a new method of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) that can be used to separate multireactional electrochemical interfaces, i.e., electrodes at which two or more reactions occur (and hence two partial currents flow) at the same time. This was done with a modified tip generation/substrate collection mode where the two reactions occur on the(More)
We report the crucial components required to perform scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) with nanometer-scale resolution. The construction and modification of the software and hardware instrumentation for nanoscale SECM are explicitly explained including (1) the LabVIEW code that synchronizes the SECM tip movement with the electrochemical response,(More)
While transition metal oxides have been thoroughly investigated as coatings for electrochemical capacitors due to their pseudocapacitance, little work has been done investigating other oxide coatings. There exists a whole class of nanoporous oxides typically synthesized by sol-gel chemistry techniques that have very high differential capacitance. This high(More)
This study uses micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) imaging for assessment of concentration and transport mechanisms of ocular drug surrogates following intravitreal injection. Injections of an iodinated contrast agent were administered to enucleated porcine eyes prior to scanning over 192 min. Image analysis was performed using signal profiles and regions(More)
In this paper, we present a technique to rapidly and directly examine ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) by white light vertical scanning interferometry (VSI). This technique is especially useful in obtaining topographic information with nanometer resolution without destruction or modification of the UME and in recognizing tips where the metal is recessed below(More)
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