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Emission of 50 kHz ultrasonic calls in rats is known to be associated with appetitive behavioural situations and positive social interactions. The purpose of the study was to pharmacologically characterize amphetamine-induced 50 kHz calls and to perform quantitative mapping of this response in the nucleus accumbens. Injections of amphetamine into the(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess women's knowledge, attitudes, and behaviours related to Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and HPV vaccination. METHODS A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 98 women (90.7% response rate) attending a hospital-based obstetrics and gynaecology outpatient clinic in a mid-size Ontario city. RESULTS Women had a moderate level of(More)
BACKGROUND Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a blinding genetic disorder that is caused by the death of photoreceptors in the outer nuclear layer of the retina. To date, 39 different genetic loci have been associated with the disease, and 28 mutated genes have been identified. Despite the complexity of the underlying genetic basis for RP, the final common(More)
Here we demonstrate the use of a previously reported pattern recognition algorithm to evaluate correlations between 50 different materials properties of the elements and their kinetics for the hydrogen evolution reaction in acid. We determined that the melting point and bulk modulus of the elements quantitatively gave the highest correlations of all(More)
Photoelectrochemical water splitting to generate H2 and O2 using only photon energy (with no added electrical energy) has been demonstrated with dual n-type-semiconductor (or Z-scheme) systems. Here we investigated two different Z-scheme systems; one is comprised of two cells with the same metal-oxide semiconductor (W- and Mo-doped bismuth vanadate), that(More)
In this paper, we present a technique to rapidly and directly examine ultramicroelectrodes (UMEs) by white light vertical scanning interferometry (VSI). This technique is especially useful in obtaining topographic information with nanometer resolution without destruction or modification of the UME and in recognizing tips where the metal is recessed below(More)
Understanding the relationship between the structure and the reactivity of catalytic metal nanoparticles (NPs) is important to achieve higher efficiencies in electrocatalytic devices. A big challenge remains, however, in studying these relations at the individual nanoparticle level. To address this challenge, we developed an approach using nanometer scale(More)
We report the crucial components required to perform scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) with nanometer-scale resolution. The construction and modification of the software and hardware instrumentation for nanoscale SECM are explicitly explained including (1) the LabVIEW code that synchronizes the SECM tip movement with the electrochemical response,(More)
We report a new method of scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM) that can be used to separate multireactional electrochemical interfaces, i.e., electrodes at which two or more reactions occur (and hence two partial currents flow) at the same time. This was done with a modified tip generation/substrate collection mode where the two reactions occur on the(More)