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Cells from virtually all organisms respond to a variety of stresses by the rapid synthesis of a highly conserved set of polypeptides termed heat shock proteins (HSPs). The precise functions of HSPs are unknown, but there is considerable evidence that these stress proteins are essential for survival at both normal and elevated temperatures. HSPs also appear(More)
In a recent study, we demonstrated that transmission from peripheral sympathetic nerves to vascular smooth muscles is strongest in the frequency band from 0.2 to 0.5 Hz in conscious rats. In contrast, sympathetic modulation of vasomotor tone in humans is suggested to be reflected in the power spectrum of arterial blood pressure in a frequency range centered(More)
To investigate the sequence and nature of the peripheral vascular responses during the prodromal period of heat stroke, rats were implanted with Doppler flow probes on the superior mesenteric (SMA), left iliac (LIA) or left renal (LRA), and external caudal (ECA) arteries. Studies were performed in unanesthetized rats (n = 6) exposed to 46 degrees C and in(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize intestinal permeability changes over a range of physiologically relevant body temperatures in vivo and in vitro. Initially, FITC-dextran (4,000 Da), a large fluorescent molecule, was loaded into the small intestine of anesthetized rats. The rats were then maintained at approximately 37 degrees C or heated over(More)
One postulated mechanism for the reduction in stress tolerance with aging is a decline in the regulation of stress-responsive genes, such as inducible heat shock protein 72 (HSP70). Increased levels of oxidative stress are also associated with aging, but it is unclear what impact a prooxidant environment might have on HSP70 gene expression. This study(More)
Previous reports have suggested that the heat shock response to passive heating may be blunted by aging. However, during exertional heating, factors in addition to elevated temperature may amplify the degree of stress compared with hyperthermia alone. The purpose of this study was to compare the pattern of accumulation of the highly inducible 72-kDa heat(More)
Chloraloseanesthetized rats were implanted with Doppler flow probes on the mesenteric, renal, and external caudal arteries and were exposed to an ambient temperature of 40 degrees C. Heart rate, core (Tc) and tail-skin temperatures, and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) were also monitored. Before heating, the celiac ganglion was removed (ganglionectomy)(More)
The Journal of Applied Physiology (ISSN-8750-7587) is published online twice monthly and bound once in print monthly (two volumes per year) by the American Physiological Society, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3991 and online at www.jap.org (ISSN 1522-1601). Subscription Prices (postpaid). For institutional print and online pricing, please see The(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to determine the effect of a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA) on free radical generation and myocardial contractility after ischemia-reperfusion. BACKGROUND Cardiotoxic free radicals are generated by ischemia-reperfusion sequences. Nitric oxide reacts with superoxide radical to form peroxynitrite,(More)
The natural breakdown of cells, tissues, and organ systems is a significant consequence of aging and is at least partially caused by a decreased ability to tolerate environmental stressors. Based on quantitative ultrastructural analysis using transmission electron microscopy and computer imaging, we show significant differences in hepatocyte morphology(More)