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Cells from virtually all organisms respond to a variety of stresses by the rapid synthesis of a highly conserved set of polypeptides termed heat shock proteins (HSPs). The precise functions of HSPs are unknown, but there is considerable evidence that these stress proteins are essential for survival at both normal and elevated temperatures. HSPs also appear(More)
In a recent study, we demonstrated that transmission from peripheral sympathetic nerves to vascular smooth muscles is strongest in the frequency band from 0.2 to 0.5 Hz in conscious rats. In contrast, sympathetic modulation of vasomotor tone in humans is suggested to be reflected in the power spectrum of arterial blood pressure in a frequency range centered(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if the accumulation of the 72-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) is elevated in response to a prolonged bout of submaximal exercise in which colonic temperature (Tco) remained at control levels. Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of four testing groups [n = 8 per group; ambient temperatures (Ta) for each(More)
To investigate the sequence and nature of the peripheral vascular responses during the prodromal period of heat stroke, rats were implanted with Doppler flow probes on the superior mesenteric (SMA), left iliac (LIA) or left renal (LRA), and external caudal (ECA) arteries. Studies were performed in unanesthetized rats (n = 6) exposed to 46 degrees C and in(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) participate in cell migration and remodeling processes by affecting the extracellular matrix. MMP-2 is thought to be involved in cancer cell invasiveness. It has been proposed that the activity of MMP-2 can be modulated by intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)/reactive nitrogen species. We hypothesized that manganese(More)
The purpose of this study was to characterize intestinal permeability changes over a range of physiologically relevant body temperatures in vivo and in vitro. Initially, FITC-dextran (4,000 Da), a large fluorescent molecule, was loaded into the small intestine of anesthetized rats. The rats were then maintained at approximately 37 degrees C or heated over(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the actions of several pharmacological agents on the circulatory system, and more specifically on the superior mesenteric vascular bed, in response to environmental heat stress in chloralose-anesthetized rats. Animals were instrumented with Doppler flow probes on the mesenteric and renal arteries and exposed to an(More)
During hyperthermia, vasoconstrictor tone in the viscera is lost despite high levels of sympathetic neural outflow and plasma catecholamines, suggesting that vascular responsiveness to adrenergic receptor stimulation is reduced. The purpose of this study was to determine whether adrenoceptor-mediated control of vascular resistance is altered at high body(More)
Stress can originate from a variety of sources (e.g., physical, chemical, etc.,) and cause protein denaturation, DNA damage and possibly death. In an effort to prevent such deleterious consequences, most organisms possess one or more ways to counteract or even prevent the harmful effect(s) from a given stressor. Such compensation by an organism is known as(More)
Aging is an inherently complex process that is manifested within an organism at genetic, molecular, cellular, organ, and system levels. Although the fundamental mechanisms are still poorly understood, a growing body of evidence points toward reactive oxygen species (ROS) as one of the primary determinants of aging. The "oxidative stress theory" holds that a(More)