Kevin C. Kanning

Learn More
Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death that plays a pivotal role during development and in the homeostasis of the adult nervous systems. However, mechanisms that regulate neuronal apoptosis are not well defined. Here, we report that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) protects cortical neurons against apoptosis induced by camptothecin or serum(More)
Myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG), an inhibitor of axon regeneration, binds with high affinity to the Nogo-66 receptor (NgR). Here we report that the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)) is a co-receptor of NgR for MAG signaling. In cultured human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells expressing NgR, p75(NTR) was required for MAG-induced intracellular Ca2+(More)
Although often considered as a group, spinal motor neurons are highly diverse in terms of their morphology, connectivity, and functional properties and differ significantly in their response to disease. Recent studies of motor neuron diversity have clarified developmental mechanisms and provided novel insights into neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral(More)
The 75 kDa neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) and two neurotrophin receptor homologs (NRH1, NRH2) constitute a subfamily of the nerve growth factor/tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily. NRH1 coexists with p75NTR in fish, amphibians, and birds but is absent in mammals, whereas NRH2 exists only in mammals. Unlike p75NTR and NRH1, NRH2 lacks a canonical(More)
Selective neuronal loss is the hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases. In patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), most motor neurons die but those innervating extraocular, pelvic sphincter, and slow limb muscles exhibit selective resistance. We identified 18 genes that show >10-fold differential expression between resistant and vulnerable motor(More)
Genome-wide screens were performed to identify transmembrane proteins that mediate axonal growth, guidance and target field innervation of somatosensory neurons. One gene, Linx (alias Islr2), encoding a leucine-rich repeat and immunoglobulin (LIG) family protein, is expressed in a subset of developing sensory and motor neurons. Domain and genomic structures(More)
Using a culture model of glial tumorigenesis, we identified a novel gene that was up-regulated in malignant mouse astrocytes following the loss of p53. The gene represents the murine homologue of pescadillo, an uncharacterized gene that is essential for embryonic development in zebrafish. Pescadillo is a strongly conserved gene containing unique structural(More)
Cleavage of the beta-secretase processed beta-amyloid precursor protein by gamma-secretase leads to the extracellular release of Abeta42, the more amyloidogenic form of the beta-amyloid peptide, which subsequently forms the amyloid-plaques diagnostic of Alzheimer's disease. Mutations in beta-amyloid precursor protein (APP), presenilin-1 and presenilin-2(More)
Bioenergetic defects and oxidative stress may be critical links in an excitotoxic mechanism of neuronal death. Oxidative stress, a condition describing the production of oxygen radicals beyond a threshold for proper antioxidant neutralization, has been implicated as a pathologic condition in several neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease(More)
Air breathing is an essential motor function for vertebrates living on land. The rhythm that drives breathing is generated within the central nervous system and relayed via specialised subsets of spinal motor neurons to muscles that regulate lung volume. In mammals, a key respiratory muscle is the diaphragm, which is innervated by motor neurons in the(More)
  • 1