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Even on a lactose-restricted diet, urinary galactitol excretion and erythrocyte galactose-1-phosphate levels are persistently elevated in patients with galactose-1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency. In order to determine the contribution of galactose in dietary fruits and vegetables to this phenomenon, (1) the content of galactose in a lactose-free(More)
The viridans streptococci are a heterogeneous group of organisms frequently associated with microbial endocarditis. Isolates from consecutive patients with endocarditis due to viridans streptococci who were seen at The New York Hospital from 1944 to 1955 and from 1970 to 1978 were speciated, and the relative frequencies and patterns of sus ceptibility to(More)
Substituent effects on the physical properties and pK a of phenol were studied using density functional theory [B3LYP/6-311G(d,p)] calculations. Substituents alter the physical properties of phenol such as the hydroxyl-group C—O and O—H bond lengths, the C—O—H bond angle, and the energy barrier to rotation about the C—O bond, and also influence the(More)
Relationships between aqueous acidities and computed surface-electrostatic potentials and local ionization energies of substituted phenols and benzoic acids Abstract Electrostatic potentials and average local ion-ization energies on the molecular surfaces of 19 phenols , 17 benzoic acids and their respective conjugate bases were computed at the(More)
Viridans streptococci continue to be the most common etiologic agents in bacterial endocarditis. The spectrum of diseases other than endocarditis caused by these organisms, however, has received sparse attention. Moreover, little clinical information is available concerning the individual viridans streptococcal species. During the 16 months of this study,(More)
It has become apparent that removing dairy products from the diets of patients with galactosaemia does not sufficiently diminish the deleterious signs. We have determined the amount of soluble monomeric galactose in 45 fruits and vegetables using capillary gas chromatography and selective ion monitoring. Galactose contents ranged from less than 0.1 mg per(More)
A simplified method for speciation of group D streptococci is described. A total of 4,156 streptococcal isolates from human clinical material was tested for ability to hydrolyze esculin in the presence of 40% bile, ferment pyruvate, hydrolyze arginine, and grow in media containing 40% bile or 6.5% NaCl. Streptococci which hydrolyzed esculin in 40% bile, but(More)
Nutritional variant streptococci identified as pyridoxal-dependent Streptococcus mitior (mitis) account for 5 to 6% of streptococcal endocarditis and may be a cause of "culture-negative" endocarditis. Hence, growth of three variant strains in 11 commercial blood culture broths was compared to that in fresh heart infusion broth. For simulation of clinical(More)