Learn More
Contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) is encoded by CNTNAP2 and clusters voltage-gated potassium channels (K(v)1.1) at the nodes of Ranvier. We report a homozygous mutation of CNTNAP2 in Old Order Amish children with cortical dysplasia, focal epilepsy, relative macrocephaly, and diminished deep-tendon reflexes. Intractable focal seizures began in(More)
Type I glutaric aciduria (GA1) results from mitochondrial matrix flavoprotein glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency and is a cause of acute striatal necrosis in infancy. We present detailed clinical, neuroradiologic, molecular, biochemical, and functional data on 77 patients with GA1 representative of a 14-year clinical experience. Microencephalic(More)
Over a four-year period, we collected clinical and biochemical data from five Amish children who were homozygous for missense mutations in 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR c.1129C>T). The four oldest patients had irreversible brain damage prior to diagnosis. The youngest child, diagnosed and started on betaine therapy as a newborn, is healthy(More)
The Clinic for Special Children (CSC) has integrated biochemical and molecular methods into a rural pediatric practice serving Old Order Amish and Mennonite (Plain) children. Among the Plain people, we have used single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) microarrays to genetically map recessive disorders to large autozygous haplotype blocks (mean = 4.4 Mb) that(More)
Despite early diagnosis, one-third of Amish infants with glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (GA1) develop striatal lesions that leave them permanently disabled. To better understand mechanisms of striatal degeneration, we retrospectively studied imaging results from 25 Amish GA1 patients homozygous for 1296C>T mutations in GCDH. Asymptomatic infants had(More)
Protein-rich diets are known to promote ovarian and egg development in workers of the honeybee, Apis mellifera, even in the presence of a queen. Since the main source of protein for honeybees is pollen, its quality and digestibility might be important dietary factors determining reproductive capacity. We have compared the effect of two types of(More)
OBJECTIVE To report clinical and immunological investigations of contactin-associated protein-like 2 (Caspr2), an autoantigen of encephalitis and peripheral nerve hyperexcitability (PNH) previously attributed to voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC). METHODS Clinical analysis was performed on patients with encephalitis, PNH, or both. Immunoprecipitation(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether electronic monitoring of hand hygiene and voice prompts can improve hand hygiene and decrease nosocomial infection rates in a surgical intermediate care unit. DESIGN Three-phase quasi-experimental design. Phase I was electronic monitoring and direct observation; phase II was electronic monitoring and computerized voice(More)
Severely elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) levels observed in genetic disorders of Hcy metabolism are associated with pathologies in multiple organs and lead to premature death due to vascular complications. In addition to elevating plasma Hcy, mutations in cystathionine beta-synthase (CBS) or methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene lead to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate an approach to the diagnosis and treatment of maple syrup disease (MSD). METHODS Family histories and molecular testing for the Y393N mutation of the E1alpha subunit of the branched-chain alpha-ketoacid dehydrogenase allow us to identify infants who were at high risk for MSD. Amino acid concentrations were measured in blood specimens(More)