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Although tissue-specific expression of the alpha 1 and beta 1 thyroid hormone receptors (TR-alpha 1 and TR-beta 1) suggests isoform-specific function, transfection studies to date have failed to show consistent differences in their ability to regulate gene expression. We here provide evidence that TR-beta 1 but not TR-alpha 1 regulates the expression of the(More)
Little is known about collecting duct adenylyl cyclase (AC) isoforms or regulation in the mouse. We performed RT-PCR for AC isoforms 1-9 in microdissected cortical (CCD) and outer medullary (OMCD) and acutely isolated inner medullary (IMCD) collecting duct. All collecting duct regions contained AC3, AC4, and AC6 mRNA, while CCD and OMCD, but not IMCD, also(More)
Several indices of peptidergic, primary afferent neural transmission in rat at the level of the lumbar spinal cord exhibited differential changes over time in response to adjuvant-induced inflammation of the hindpaw. The indices were measurements of the production of messenger RNA encoding the precursors for substance P and calcitonin gene-related peptide(More)
We have quantitated in adult and developing rat tissues the molar concentrations of c-erbA alpha 1- and beta 1-mRNAs, which code for nuclear T3-binding proteins, and c-erbA alpha 2-mRNA, which is generated by alternate splicing of the alpha gene transcript and codes for a receptor variant that does not bind T3. Comparison of the concentrations of c-erbA(More)
Collecting duct (CD)-derived endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibits renal Na reabsorption and its deficiency increases blood pressure (BP). The role of CD endothelin B (ETB) receptors in mediating these effects is unknown. CD-specific knockout of the ETB receptor was achieved using an aquaporin-2 promoter-Cre recombinase transgene and the loxP-flanked ETB receptor(More)
A panel of anti-thyroid hormone receptor (TR) antisera were generated to allow direct assay of the concentrations of the alpha 1 and beta 1 receptor isoforms in nuclear extracts from adult rat liver, kidney, brain and heart, and fetal brain. An antiserum, immunoglobulin G (IgG)-beta 1, raised against amino acid sequence 62-92 of the rat TR-beta 1(More)
In a previous study, we have shown that in vivo expression of the cerebellar Purkinje cell-specific gene Pcp-2 is regulated by thyroid hormone (T3) during neonatal development. In addition, transient cotransfection studies using thyroid hormone receptors (TRs) and a Pcp-2-lacZ construct pointed to direct regulation of Pcp-2 gene expression by T3. Therefore,(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelin-1 (ET-1) inhibition of vasopressin (AVP)-stimulated water reabsorption by the inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) is associated with reduced cAMP accumulation. To determine the effect of ET-1 deficiency, AVP-stimulated cAMP responsiveness was assessed in IMCD from mice with collecting duct-specific deletion of ET-1 (CD ET-1 KO) and(More)
Immunohistochemical studies previously reported from this laboratory showed that astrocytes in adult rat brain appear devoid of all thyroid hormone receptor (TR) isoforms. These findings, however, contrast with reports of measurable nuclear T3 binding in astrocytes in cell culture. To address this discrepancy, TR protein and messenger RNA (mRNA) content of(More)
The thyroid hormone receptors (TR) are nuclear proteins that include TR alpha and TR beta subtypes, each encoded by a separate gene. Both TR alpha and TR beta give rise to several isoforms of which three, TR alpha 1, TR beta 1, and TR beta 2 bind T3 and mediate the action of thyroid hormone. Although TR beta 2 was initially thought to be confined to the(More)