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Percutaneous absorption and model membrane variations of melatonin (MT) in aqueous-based propylene glycol and 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin vehicles were investigated. The excised hairless mouse skin (HMS) and two synthetic ethylene vinyl acetate (EVA) and microporous polyethylene (MPE) were selected as a model membrane. The solubility of MT was(More)
A transdermal delivery device (TDD)1 was applied to four human subjects to investigate whether melatonin (MT) could penetrate through human skin. The TDD (total surface area of 3.80 cm2) was applied to the forearm of each subject. Plasma MT concentrations increased above baseline in approximately 2-4 hours, although steady state was not achieved in the(More)
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent which is extensively metabolized in both man and the rat. Cimetidine is a well known H2 antagonist which is known to inhibit microsomal enzyme drug metabolism. The influence of cimetidine on the disposition of ibuprofen was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats. Pretreatment with cimetidine was found to increase(More)
The effect of oral controlled-release (CR), oral transmucosal (buccal; TMD) and transdermal (TDD) drug delivery systems on plasma concentrations of melatonin (MT) and its principal metabolite in human subjects using a crossover, single dose design was evaluated. Twelve adult male volunteers participated in the study and received all three dosage forms on(More)
The three different batches of an oral sustained release melatonin (MT) delivery system were prepared by aqueous-based fluid-bed coating of the sugar spheres for the evaluation ofin vitro release characteristics and plasma concentration profiles in human subjects. The MT contents in 20% coated sugar spheres of three batches (B1, B2 and B3) were 3.3+/-0.08,(More)
The physicochemical properties of melatonin (MT) in propylene glycol (PG) and 2-hydroxypropyl-beta-cyclodextrin (2-HPbetaCD) vehicles were characterized. MT was endothermally decomposed as determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Melting point and heat of fusion obtained were 116.9+/-0.24 degrees C and 7249+/-217 cal/mol, respectively. MT as(More)
Computational results for the microwave heating patterns in singlefed multimode empty and loaded cavities are presented in this paper. Combined Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD) and Finite Volume (FV) methods are used to solve the equations that describe the electromagnetic field and heat transfer in the processed samples. The coupling between the two(More)
Stability of oral liquid forms of cimetidine hydrochloride, furosemide, and theophylline repackaged in polypropylene oral syringes and glass vials was assessed. Commercial preparations of each product were used; 2-ml quantities were placed in both types of container and stored at 4, 25, 44, 60, and 76 degrees C. Six samples from each container type at each(More)
The incidence and cost of drug waste in a long-term care facility (LTCF) were compared for a unit dose and a traditional (30-day card) distribution system. Drug records for 74 LTCF patients were reviewed retrospectively to determine the number of drugs ordered and doses dispensed during a four-month period via a unit dose distribution system. Based on the(More)