Kevin A. Lanham

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2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD or dioxin) is a global environmental contaminant and the prototypical ligand for investigating aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR)-mediated toxicity. Environmental exposure to TCDD results in developmental and reproductive toxicity in fish, birds and mammals. To resolve the ecotoxicological relevance and human health(More)
The embryos of teleost fish are exquisitely sensitive to the toxic effects of exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). However, several lines of evidence suggest that adults are less sensitive to TCDD. To better understand and characterize this difference between early life stage and adults, we exposed zebrafish (Danio rerio) to graded TCDD(More)
This study is part of an effort to evaluate efficacy of the novel agent MGI 114 (HMAF) against tumors resistant to conventional chemotherapeutic agents. MGI 114 is a novel semisynthetic anticancer agent currently in chemotherapeutic phase II trials to evaluate activity against various solid tumors. Previous studies indicate MGI 114 was active against human(More)
Exposure of zebrafish embryos to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) activates the zebrafish aryl hydrocarbon receptor 2 (AHR) to produce developmental and cardiovascular toxicity. AHR is found in the heart; however, AHR activation by TCDD is not confined to the heart and occurs throughout the organism. In order to understand the cause of(More)
Two-dimensional HPLC coupled with tandem MS (MS/MS) has become a mainstream technique in the shotgun proteomics for large-scale identification of proteins from biological samples. This powerful technology provides speed, sensitivity, and dynamic range which are essential to probe complex peptide mixtures from proteomic samples. Herein we present a pH(More)
The flanking upstream and downstream regions of the human GPX270%). The human GPX2 promoter region was not G-C rich (<50% G+C) and classical TATA/CCAAT elements were not present. The ubiquitous SP1 and AP elements were present. Several GATA elements as well as liver-specific sites (HNF series) were present. Despite the unique intestinal specific expression(More)
The outermost layer of the vertebrate heart, the epicardium, forms from a cluster of progenitor cells termed the proepicardium (PE). PE cells migrate onto the myocardium to give rise to the epicardium. Impaired epicardial development has been associated with defects in valve development, cardiomyocyte proliferation and alignment, cardiac conduction system(More)
2D HPLC separations by coupling strong cation exchange (SCX) and RP fractionation have been widely used in large-scale proteomic studies. Traditionally this method is performed by salt gradient SCX separation followed by RP and MS/MS analysis. The salt gradient SCX method has been known to have low peptide and protein resolution. In this study, we(More)
The toxicity by 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is thought to be caused by activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR). However, our understanding of how AHR activation by TCDD leads to toxic effects is poor. Ideally we would like to manipulate AHR activity in specific tissues and at specific times. One route to this is expressing dominant(More)
2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a persistent environmental pollutant and teratogen that produces cardiac toxicity in the developing zebrafish. Here we adopted a label free quantitative proteomic approach based on normalized spectral abundance factor (NSAF) to investigate the disturbance of the cardiac proteome induced by TCDD in the adult(More)