Kevin A . Kerber

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Dizziness, vertigo, and imbalance are common presenting symptoms in the emergency department. Stroke is a leading concern even when these symptoms occur in isolation. The objective of the present study was to determine the "real-world" proportion of stroke among patients presenting to the emergency department with these dizziness(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Strokes can be distinguished from benign peripheral causes of acute vestibular syndrome using bedside oculomotor tests (head impulse test, nystagmus, test-of-skew). Using head impulse test, nystagmus, test-of-skew is more sensitive and less costly than early magnetic resonance imaging for stroke diagnosis in acute vestibular syndrome(More)
Cross-sectional studies have found declines in most measures of oculomotor function in older subjects compared to young controls, but no prior study has followed the same subjects over time. We measured saccade peak velocity, saccade delay time, smooth pursuit, optokinetic nystagmus (OKN), visual-vestibular-ocular-reflex (VVOR), fixation suppression of the(More)
CONCLUSIONS Gentamicin ototoxicity presents with gait imbalance and oscillopsia, but only rarely with hearing loss and vertigo. Sinusoidal rotational stimuli with high accelerations such as the bedside head-thrust test or rotational step changes in velocity are useful to diagnose bilateral vestibulopathy. OBJECTIVE To describe the salient clinical(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives were to describe presentation characteristics and health care utilization information pertaining to dizziness presentations in U.S. emergency departments (EDs) from 1995 through 2004. METHODS From the National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), patient visits to EDs for "vertigo-dizziness" were identified. Sample(More)
OBJECTIVES Dizziness and vertigo account for about 4 million emergency department (ED) visits annually in the United States, and some 160,000 to 240,000 (4% to 6%) have cerebrovascular causes. Stroke diagnosis in ED patients with vertigo/dizziness is challenging because the majority have no obvious focal neurologic signs at initial presentation. The authors(More)
OBJECTIVES Video-sharing Web sites are being used for information about common conditions including dizziness. The Epley maneuver (EM) is a simple and effective treatment for benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) of the posterior canal. However, the maneuver is underused in routine care. In this study, we aimed to describe and analyze the available(More)
OBJECTIVES Dizziness and vertigo account for roughly 4% of chief symptoms in the emergency department (ED). Little is known about the aggregate costs of ED evaluations for these patients. The authors sought to estimate the annual national costs associated with ED visits for dizziness. METHODS This cost study of adult U.S. ED visits presenting with(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies in subjects with a history of stroke have shown that white matter hyperintensities (WMH) on MRI are associated with increased risk of death. However, it has not been determined whether WMH are independently related to death in community-dwelling older people without stroke. METHODS In a sample of community-dwelling people over(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute stroke is a serious concern in emergency department (ED) dizziness presentations. Prior studies, however, suggest that stroke is actually an unlikely cause of these presentations. Lacking are data on short- and long-term follow-up from population-based studies to establish stroke risk after presumed nonstroke ED dizziness presentations. (More)