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Existing anti-arrhythmic therapy is hampered by lack of efficacy and unacceptable side effects. Thus, ventricular tachycardia and fibrillation remains the strongest predictor of in-hospital mortality in patients with myocardial infarction. In atrial fibrillation, rhythm control with conventional ion channel blockers provide no therapeutic benefit relative(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormal intercellular communication caused by connexin dysfunction may be involved in atrial fibrillation (AF). The present study assessed the effect of the gap junctional conduction-enhancing peptide rotigaptide on AF maintenance in substrates that result from congestive heart failure induced by 2-week ventricular tachypacing (240 bpm), atrial(More)
The antiarrhythmic and cardioprotective effect of increasing gap junction intercellular communication during ischemia/reperfusion injury has not been studied. The antiarrhythmic peptide rotigaptide (previously ZP123), which maintains gap junction intercellular communication, was tested in dogs subjected to a 60-min coronary artery occlusion and 4 h of(More)
OBJECTIVE As atrial conduction slowing is important in the pathogenesis of atrial reentry arrhythmias, a drug that increases atrial conduction or prevents atrial conduction slowing could serve to prevent atrial reentry arrhythmias. In this study, we investigated whether the novel stable antiarrhythmic peptide analog, ZP123, was able to prevent atrial(More)
Gap junction uncoupling can alter conduction pathways and promote cardiac re-entry mechanisms that potentiate many supraventricular arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL). Our objective was to determine whether GAP-134 [(2S,4R)-1-(2-aminoacetyl)-4-benzamido-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid], a small dipeptide gap junction(More)
Much of our current knowledge about the physiological and pathophysiological role of gap junctions is based on experiments where coupling has been reduced by either chemical agents or genetic modification. This has brought evidence that gap junctions are important in many physiological processes. In a number of cases, gap junctions have been implicated in(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia in the Western population, affecting almost 10% of individuals aged 75 or more (1). It has been estimated that the prevalence of AF in the United States is 2.3 million and it is expected to more than double in 2050, with 5.6 million patients in the U.S. alone (2). AF is a disorder that is most(More)
To test the hypothesis that the long-term antihypertensive action of furosemide is mediated by a renomedullary vasodepressor substance, we measured mean arterial pressure (MAP) by radiotelemetry in Dahl-S rats with either intact or bromoethylamine-induced (BEA, 100 mg/kg i.p.) lesion of the renal papilla and medulla. Seven days of recovery after BEA(More)
This study was designed to compare the renal effects of sedation with alphaxalone-alphadolone, etomidate, propofol, midazolam, fentanyl-fluanisone, and thiopental in rats. The sedative dose was defined as the highest dose that abolished the escape response without affecting the righting reflex. Female Wistar rats were chronically catheterized with a jugular(More)
Osteoclasts are formed by the fusion of mononuclear precursor cells of the monocyte–macrophage lineage. Among several putative mechanisms, gap-junctional intercellular communication (GJC) has been proposed to have a role in osteoclast fusion and bone resorption. We examined the role of GJC in osteoclastogenesis and in vitro bone resorption with mouse bone(More)