Ketema Tafess

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Urinary tract infection (UTI) is a common health problem among pregnant women. Proper investigation and prompt treatment are needed to prevent serious life threatening condition and morbidity due to urinary tract infection that can occur in pregnant women. Recent report in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia indicated the prevalence of UTI in pregnant women was 11.6 %(More)
Anaemia is known to be one of the outcomes of parasitic infection and it may result in impaired cognitive development, reduced physical work capacity and in severe cases increased risk of mortality, particularly during the prenatal period. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of anaemia among pregnant women in(More)
BACKGROUND Several micronutrients are essential for adequate growth of children. However, little information is available on multiple micronutrient status of school children in Ethiopia. The present study was designed to evaluate the relationship between multiple micronutrient levels and nutritional status among school children. METHOD In this(More)
BACKGROUND Parasitic infections have been shown to have deleterious effects on host nutritional status. In addition, although helmintic infection can modulate the host inflammatory response directed against the parasite, a causal association between helminths and allergy remains uncertain. The present study was therefore designed to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the in vitro activities of Ethiopian Thymus schimperi with other three hydro distilled essential oils against Dermatophytes (Tricophyton spp. and Microsporum spp.) and other pathogenic micro organisms. METHODS The studies were carried out using Agar disk diffusion method for screening the most effective essential oils and Agar(More)
A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2010 to June 2011 in and around Gondar town to identify the species and determine prevalence of gastrointestinal parasites in donkeys and horses. Gross examination, direct fecal smear, sedimentation and floatation techniques were utilized to identify the eggs and larvae of parasites in feces. A total of 384(More)
Malaria and Soil Transmitted Helminthiasis (STH) are co-endemic and major public health problems in Ethiopia. The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of malaria and STHs co-infection and to determine the association risk factors. A cross-sectional community based study was conducted on 388 pregnant women living in three districts around Gilgel(More)
Introduction: Zinc and copper are essential for normal human development and functioning of the body. They have been implicated to play important roles in immuno-physiologic functions. Studies assessing the interactions between diarrheal diseases, HIV/AIDS and micronutrient status are too few in Ethiopia, as in other sub-Saharan Africa where morbidities(More)
Epidemiological studies in Ethiopia have documented that the risk of visceral leishmaniasis (VL, Kala-azar) is higher among people living with domestic animals. The recent report on isolation of Leishmania donovani complex DNA and the detected high prevalence of anti-leishmanial antibodies in the blood of domestic animals further strengthen the potential(More)
The intra-dermal tuberculin test is the standard test for the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis [BTB] although it is not efficient in detecting all infected animals. This necessitates the need for a complementary testing scheme so as to maximize the detection of the BTB infection. The objective of this study was to evaluate Mycobacterium bovis [M. bovis](More)