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Neuroinflammation plays an important role in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) has been reported to be involved in the inflammatory response of many central nervous system diseases. However, the role of P2X7Rs in transient global cerebral I/R injury remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND Cytokines, which are involved in immunological responses, play and important role in the development and progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). The functional polymorphisms identified in cytokine genes are thought to influence PD risk. However the findings of studies investigating the association between cytokine gene polymorphisms and PD risk(More)
Extracts of Ginkgo biloba have been used in traditional medicines for centuries, and have potential for clinical applications in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, standardized extracts have proven protective only as pre-treatments, and the major mechanisms of action remain unclear. We explored the potential of the novel extract EGB1212, which(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogen has been proved to have positive effects on the brain cognitive function. However, many clinical studies investigating the associations between cognitive functions and circulating estrogen levels in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women demonstrated controversial results. METHOD Circulating estradiol and follicle stimulating hormone(More)
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