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Both time of awakening and stress are thought to influence the magnitude of the cortisol awakening response (CAR), but the relative importance of these factors is unclear. This study assessed these influences in a combined within- and between-subject design. Data were collected from 32 men and women working as station staff in the London underground railway(More)
OBJECTIVE Type-D or "distressed" personality and depression following admission for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) have been associated with poor clinical outcome. The biological pathways underpinning this relationship may include disruption of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis. We therefore assessed cortisol output in patients who had(More)
Acute negative emotional states may act as triggers of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), but the biological mechanisms involved are not known. Heightened platelet activation and hemodynamic shear stress provoked by acute stress may contribute. Here we investigated whether patients whose ACS had been preceded by acute anger, stress, or depression would show(More)
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death in Western society, and its development is associated with chronic stress and other psychosocial factors. Atherosclerosis, the disorder underlying this disease, is an inflammatory process in which leukocytes interact with structurally intact but dysfunctional endothelium of the arteries. Platelets play a(More)
Inhibition of platelet activation by nitric oxide (NO) is not exclusively cGMP-dependent. Here, we tested whether inhibition of platelet aggregation by structurally distinct NO donors is mediated by different mechanisms, partly determined by the site of NO release. Glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), sodium nitroprusside (SNP), S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO),(More)
OBJECTIVE Circulating monocyte- and neutrophil-platelet aggregates are sensitive markers of in vivo platelet activation. Socioeconomic status is inversely associated with risk of coronary heart disease. We assessed the impact of psychological stress on leukocyte-platelet aggregates in men from higher and lower socioeconomic status groups. METHODS(More)
Increased inactivation of nitric oxide (NO) by superoxide has been implicated in nitrate tolerance. Here, we set out to compare the inhibitory effect of superoxide on endothelium-dependent, acetylcholine (ACh)-mediated vascular relaxation with that on the endothelium-independent effects of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and another NO donor drug,(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared the effects of acute mental stress on cardiovascular and subjective responses and platelet activation in male patients with established coronary artery disease (CAD) and age-matched controls. METHODS We assessed 17 male CAD patients aged 44 to 59 years and 22 healthy male controls. Blood pressure, heart rate, and hemodynamics(More)
Photorelaxation of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) is caused by the release of nitric oxide (NO) from a finite molecular store that can be depleted by irradiating pre-contracted arteries with visible light. The ability of an 'exhausted' vessel to respond to a further period of illumination is lost temporarily but then recovers slowly as the photosensitive(More)
Cultural psychologists have shown that people from Western, Educated, Industrialised, Rich, Democratic (WEIRD) countries often exhibit different psychological processing to people from less-WEIRD countries. The former exhibit more individualistic and less collectivistic social orientation, and more analytic and less holistic cognition, than non-Westerners.(More)