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We have examined the effects of a number of derivatives of ryanodine on K+ conduction in the Ca2+ release channel purified from sheep cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In a fashion comparable to that of ryanodine, the addition of nanomolar to micromolar quantities to the cytoplasmic face (the exact amount depending on the derivative) causes the channel(More)
Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) was used to analyze the relationship between the structure of a group of ryanoids and the modulation of the calcium channel function of the ryanodine receptor. The conductance properties of ryanodine receptors purified from sheep heart were measured using the planar, lipid bilayer technique. The magnitude of the(More)
It has been established that atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is more frequent and more severe in diabetic compared to non-diabetic subjects, but the reason for the excess risk of developing coronary macroangiopathy in diabetes remains incompletely characterized. Various biochemical mechanisms speculated to being at the "heart" of diabetic cardiac(More)
Cardiac inotropy progressively declines during diabetes mellitus. To date, the molecular mechanisms underlying this defect remain incompletely characterized. This study tests the hypothesis that ventricular myosin heavy chains (MHC) undergo carbonylation by reactive carbonyl species (RCS) during diabetes and these modifications contribute to the inotropic(More)
AIMS Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) is a multifunctional cytokine that contributes to pathogenic cardiac remodelling via mechanisms that involve oxidative stress. However, the direct impact of TGF-beta1 on contractile function of ventricular myocytes is incompletely understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and(More)
Suramin is a polysulfonated naphthylurea developed originally to treat trypanosomiasis. This drug has gained considerable attention recently as an effective anticancer agent. Previous studies have demonstrated that suramin also is an antagonist of ATP at P2x purinergic receptors. In the present study suramin was shown to evoke Ca++ release from skeletal(More)
The present study was undertaken to assess the effects of exercise training (ExT) initiated after the onset of diabetes on cardiac ryanodine receptor expression and function. Type 1 diabetes was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats using streptozotocin (STZ). Three weeks after STZ injection, diabetic rats were divided into two groups. One group underwent ExT(More)
OBJECTIVE Approximately 25% of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes will develop diastolic dysfunction. This defect, which is characterized by an increase in time to cardiac relaxation, results in part from a reduction in the activity of the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA2a), the ATP-driven pump that translocates Ca(2+) from the(More)
Decrease in cardiac contractility is a hallmark of chronic diabetes. Previously we showed that this defect results, at least in part, from a dysfunction of the type 2 ryanodine receptor calcium-release channel (RyR2). The mechanism(s) underlying RyR2 dysfunction is not fully understood. The present study was designed to determine whether non-cross-linking(More)
Using biochemical/pharmacological approaches, we previously showed that type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2) become dysfunctional in hearts of streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic rats. However, the functional consequence of this observation remains incompletely understood. Here we use laser confocal microscopy to investigate whether RyR2 dysfunction during(More)