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Suramin is a polysulfonated naphthylurea developed originally to treat trypanosomiasis. This drug has gained considerable attention recently as an effective anticancer agent. Previous studies have demonstrated that suramin also is an antagonist of ATP at P2x purinergic receptors. In the present study suramin was shown to evoke Ca++ release from skeletal(More)
We have examined the effects of a number of derivatives of ryanodine on K+ conduction in the Ca2+ release channel purified from sheep cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). In a fashion comparable to that of ryanodine, the addition of nanomolar to micromolar quantities to the cytoplasmic face (the exact amount depending on the derivative) causes the channel(More)
Comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) was used to analyze the relationship between the structure of a group of ryanoids and the modulation of the calcium channel function of the ryanodine receptor. The conductance properties of ryanodine receptors purified from sheep heart were measured using the planar, lipid bilayer technique. The magnitude of the(More)
It has been established that atherosclerotic coronary artery disease is more frequent and more severe in diabetic compared to non-diabetic subjects, but the reason for the excess risk of developing coronary macroangiopathy in diabetes remains incompletely characterized. Various biochemical mechanisms speculated to being at the "heart" of diabetic cardiac(More)
Using biochemical/pharmacological approaches, we previously showed that type 2 ryanodine receptors (RyR2) become dysfunctional in hearts of streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic rats. However, the functional consequence of this observation remains incompletely understood. Here we use laser confocal microscopy to investigate whether RyR2 dysfunction during(More)
Diabetic hearts exhibit decreased responsiveness to stimulation by beta-adrenoreceptor (beta-AR) agonists. This decrease in activity may be due to changes in expression and/or signaling of beta-AR. Recently we showed that right atrial strips from 14-week streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rat hearts exhibit decreased responsiveness to beta1-AR agonist(More)
Cardiac inotropy progressively declines during diabetes mellitus. To date, the molecular mechanisms underlying this defect remain incompletely characterized. This study tests the hypothesis that ventricular myosin heavy chains (MHC) undergo carbonylation by reactive carbonyl species (RCS) during diabetes and these modifications contribute to the inotropic(More)
Recent epidemiological studies confirm the prevalence of cataract in epileptic patients. Similarly, the drugs used to treat epilepsy also show the connection with increased cataract formation. In this present study, we investigated the suppression of Nrf2/Keap1 dependent antioxidant protection through induction of endoplasmic (ER) stress and Keap1 promoter(More)
Amino- and guanidinoacyl esters of ryanodine were prepared to evaluate the effect of basicity on the binding affinity of these derivatives for the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-release channel (SR CRC). In the presence of DCC and DMAP Cbz-beta-alanine reacts with ryanodine in CH2Cl2 to give O10eq-Cbz-beta-alanylryanodine (3a), which on hydrogenolysis yields(More)
Age-related cataracts are a leading cause of blindness. Previously, we have demonstrated the association of the unfolded protein response with various cataractogenic stressors. However, DNA methylation alterations leading to suppression of lenticular antioxidant protection remains unclear. Here, we report the methylglyoxal-mediated sequential events(More)