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A new colorimetric method of tannase (tannin acyl hydrolase, EC assay has been developed using its specific substrate tannic acid. It is based on the changes in optical density of substrate tannic acid after enzymatic reaction at 530 nm. The residual tannic acid was measured by a modified BSA precipitation method. This assay is very simple,(More)
This study aimed to assess the variability in respect of titer and properties of xylanase from Trichoderma reesei SAF3 under both solid-state and submerged fermentation. SSF was initially optimized with different agro-residues and among them wheat bran was found to be the best substrate that favored maximum xylanase production of 219 U (gws)(-1) at 96 h of(More)
Tannins are water-soluble polyphenolic compounds found in plants as secondary metabolites. The presence of these substances in the barks of eight different plants was initially examined and their crude extracts were used separately as a substrate for production of tannase through submerged fermentation by Bacillus licheniformis KBR6. Tannase production as(More)
Tannase an industrially important enzyme was produced by Aspergillus aculeatus DBF9 through a solid-state fermentation (SSF). The organism produced good amount of enzyme and gallic acid in wheat bran among the solid substrate used in SSF. Maximum enzyme and gallic acid production occurred in 5% tannic acid after 72 h. Eighty percent initial substrate(More)
A new feather-degrading bacterium PKD 5 was isolated from feather dumping soil and identified as Bacillus weihenstephanensis based on morphological and physiochemical characteristics as well as 16S rRNA gene analysis. Extracellular keratinase was produced during submerged aerobic cultivation in a medium containing chicken feather as sole carbon and energy(More)
In the present study, the optimum conditions for the production of xylanase by immobilized spores of Trichoderma reesei SAF3 in calcium alginate beads were determined. The operational stability of the beads during xylanase production under semi-continuous fermentation was also studied. The influence of alginate concentration (1, 2, 3, and 4%) and initial(More)
A strain was selected by its highest extracellular polysaccharide (EPS) production ability compare to other isolates from the same rhizospheric soil. The selected strain was identified by 16S rDNA sequencing and designated as SSB81. Phylogenetic analysis of the gene sequence showed its close relatedness with Azotobacter vinelandii and Azotobacter(More)
The tannase protein sequences of 149 bacteria and 36 fungi were retrieved from NCBI database. Among them only 77 bacterial and 31 fungal tannase sequences were taken which have different amino acid compositions. These sequences were analysed for different physical and chemical properties, superfamily search, multiple sequence alignment, phylogenetic tree(More)
Response surface methodology was employed to optimize mixed substrate solid state fermentation for the production of cellulases and xylanase by Aspergillus fumigatus ABK9. Among 11 different parameters, fermentation time (86-88 h), medium pH (6.1-6.2), substrate amount (10.0-10.5 g) and substrate ratio (wheat bran:rice straw) (1.1) had significantly(More)
High-altitude (HA) visitors like pilgrims, trackers, scientists and military personnel face a group of nonspecific gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms during acclimatization to hypobaric hypoxia. In order to investigate the alteration of indigenous gastrointestinal microbiota in the development of such GI symptoms, an experiment was conducted for the enumeration(More)