Learn More
OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between stature-related measurements (height, leg length, and leg length-to-height ratio) and adiposity, insulin resistance, and glucose intolerance. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of a nationally representative sample of 7,424 adults aged 40-74 years, from the Third National(More)
BACKGROUND In response to increasing rates of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and evidence of postpartum weight retention and long-term overweight and obesity, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) revised their guidelines for GWG in 2009. Prenatal physical activity is recommended, although its role in preventing excessive GWG is unclear. We sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of maternal risk factors for abnormal placental growth have focused on placental weight and placental ratio as measures of placental growth. We sought to identify maternal risk factors for placental weight and two neglected dimensions of placental growth: placental thickness and chorionic plate area. METHODS We conducted an(More)
OBJECTIVES We focused on four questions: What are the risks and benefits of an oral diabetes agent (i.e., glyburide), as compared to all types of insulin, for gestational diabetes? What is the evidence that elective labor induction, cesarean delivery, or timing of induction is associated with benefits or harm to the mother and neonate? What risk factors are(More)
We conducted a systematic review of studies examining risk factors for the development of type 2 diabetes among women with previous gestational diabetes. Our search strategy yielded 14 articles that evaluated 9 categories of risk factors of type 2 diabetes in women with gestational diabetes: anthropometry, pregnancy-related factors, postpartum factors,(More)
OBJECTIVES We examined the role of family history of diabetes in awareness of diabetes risk factors and engaging in health behaviors. METHODS We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1122 African American adults without diabetes who were participants in Project DIRECT (Diabetes Interventions Reaching and Educating Communities Together). RESULTS After(More)
BACKGROUND African Americans experience high rates of obesity and other chronic diseases, which may be related, in part, to diet. However, little is known about dietary patterns in this population, particularly from population-based data sources. METHODS A cross-sectional analysis was conducted of 2,172 African-American adults in Project DIRECT (Diabetes(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that neighborhood factors are associated with obesity, but few studies have evaluated the association with weight control behaviors. This study aims to conduct a multi-level analysis to examine the relationship between neighborhood SES and weight-related health behaviors. METHODS In this ancillary study to Look AHEAD(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine characteristics associated with neonatal mortality among extremely low-birth-weight infants (< or = 1000 g). STUDY DESIGN A population-based, case-control study using linked Missouri birth and death certificates from 1989 to 1997 was conducted. Cases (n = 835) were defined as extremely low-birth-weight(More)