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Investigating the function of individual synapses is essential to understanding the mechanisms that influence the efficacy of chemical synaptic transmission. The known simplicity of the synaptic structure at the crayfish neuromuscular junction (NMJ) and its quantal nature of release allows an assessment of discrete synapses within the motor nerve terminals.(More)
The reserve pool (RP) and readily releasable pool (RRP) of synaptic vesicles within presynaptic nerve terminals were physiologically differentiated into distinctly separate functional groups. This was accomplished in glutamatergic nerve terminals by blocking the glutamate transporter with dl-threo-beta-benzyloxyaspartate (TBOA; 10 microM) during electrical(More)
Acknowledgments: We are very thankful to Dr. Josef Dudel (Physiologishes Institute der Ludwig-MaximilliansUniversität München) for his suggestions during this study. Funding was provided by NSFIBN-0131459 (RLC, KV), a G. Ribble Fellowship for undergraduate studies in the School of Biological Sciences at the University of Kentucky (SL), a Undergraduate(More)
With the simplicity of the synaptic structure and physiology at neuromuscular junctions (NMJs) of crayfish and the given transmitter being released in quantal packets, a detailed assessment in the fundamental processes of chemical synaptic transmission is possible. Since the quantal event is the basic element of transmission, we consider an approach to(More)
The effects of para-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA) and 3,4 methylenedioxy-methamphetamine (MDMA, 'ecstasy') were investigated in relation to development, behavior and physiology in larval Drosophila. PCPA blocks the synthesis of serotonin (5-HT) and MDMA is known to deplete 5-HT in mammalian neurons; thus these studies were conducted primarily to target the(More)
Within-subject statistical modeling techniques were employed to investigate individual differences in the extent to which two possible indicators of processing time predicted changes in utterance complexity during spontaneous discourse for 10 children ages 7;1 to 10;1 with specific language impairments (SLI) who differed in receptive language abilities. The(More)
Over the past 2 decades, there have been revolutionary developments in life science technologies characterized by high throughput, high efficiency, and rapid computation. Nutritionists now have the advanced methodologies for the analysis of DNA, RNA, protein, low-molecular-weight metabolites, as well as access to bioinformatics databases. Statistics, which(More)