Kerstin Wirkner

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Patch-clamp recordings from small-diameter rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons maintained in culture demonstrated preferential inhibition by ATP of high-voltage-activated, but not low-voltage-activated, Ca2+ currents (I(Ca)). The rank order of agonist potency was UTP > ADP > ATP. ATP depressed the omega-conotoxin GVIA-sensitive N-type current only.(More)
P2X(7) receptors are ligand-gated ion channels, expressed as homo-oligomeric assemblies of individual subunits. They are widely distributed at immunocompetent cells of the central and peripheral nervous system and are believed to be primarily involved in host-defense reaction. However, a growing amount of evidence indicates that their signaling role in the(More)
The effect and mode of action of ethanol on N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors of rat cortical neurons in primary culture were compared by means of the patch-clamp technique. The maxima of the concentration-response curves for both NMDA and AMPA were markedly depressed by ethanol without an(More)
Intracellular recordings were made in a mid-pontine slice preparation of the rat brain containing the nucleus locus coeruleus. Focal electrical stimulation evoked biphasic synaptic potentials consisting of early depolarizing (d.p.s.p.) and late hyperpolarizing (i.p.s.p.) components. The alpha(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist idazoxan inhibited the i.p.s.p.(More)
BACKGROUND The LIFE-Adult-Study is a population-based cohort study, which has recently completed the baseline examination of 10,000 randomly selected participants from Leipzig, a major city with 550,000 inhabitants in the east of Germany. It is the first study of this kind and size in an urban population in the eastern part of Germany. The study is(More)
The understanding of how pain is processed at each stage in the peripheral and central nervous system is the precondition to develop new therapies for the selective treatment of pain. In the periphery, ATP can be released from various cells as a consequence of tissue injury or visceral distension and may stimulate the local nociceptors. The highly selective(More)
Chronic ethanol treatment of Wistar rats to 10% (v/v) ethanol over a period of 4, 12, and 36 weeks produced distinct alterations of the glial fibrillary acidic protein immunoreactivity (GFAP-IR) of dorsal hippocampal astrocytes. Ethanol consumption over a period of 4 weeks caused an increase in the total GFAP-IR of the astrocytes. Down-regulation of the(More)
Whole cell patch clamp investigations were carried out to clarify the pH sensitivity of native and recombinant P2X(3) receptors. In HEK293 cells permanently transfected with human (h) P2X(3) receptors (HEK293-hP2X(3) cells), an acidic pH shifted the concentration-response curve for alpha,beta-methylene ATP (alpha,beta-meATP) to the right and increased its(More)
1. The presence of ionotropic P2X receptors, targets of ATP in fast synaptic transmission, as well as metabotropic P2Y receptors, known to activate K(+) currents in cultured neostriatal neurones, was investigated in medium-spiny neurones and cholinergic interneurones contained in neostriatal brain slices from 5-26-day-old rats. 2. In these cells,(More)
Ethanol is a potent inhibitor of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor subtype of glutamate receptor in a number of brain areas. The mechanism of ethanol action has been investigated by means of patch-clamp recording of ionic currents and fura-2 measurement of intracellular Ca2+ concentration in cell culture systems; the subunit composition of NMDA(More)