Kerstin Strehlow

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Oxidative stress plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and can be effectively influenced by radical scavenging enzyme activity and expression. The vasoprotective effects of estrogens may be related to antioxidative properties. Therefore, effects of 17beta-estradiol on production of reactive oxygen species and radical scavenging enzymes(More)
BACKGROUND Estrogens improve endothelial function and accelerate reendothelialization after vascular injury via largely unknown mechanisms. Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are thought to positively influence endothelialization, vascular repair, and angiogenesis. METHODS AND RESULTS In mice subjected to sham operation, ovariectomy,(More)
BACKGROUND The AT1 receptor has been implicated in the pathogenesis of hypertension and atherosclerosis. Estrogen deficiency is also associated with cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we examined the AT1 receptor gene expression in ovariectomized rats with and without estrogen replacement therapy and the influence of estrogen on AT1 receptor expression in(More)
Angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor activation as well as proinflammatory cytokines such as interleukin-6 (IL-6) are involved in the development and progression of atherosclerosis. The detailed underlying mechanisms including interactions between inflammatory agonists and the renin-angiotensin system are poorly understood. Stimulation of cultured rat(More)
Reactive oxygen species such as superoxide and hydroxyl radicals have been implicated in the pathogenic growth of various cell types. The molecular mechanisms involved in redox-sensitive cell growth control are poorly understood. Stimulation of cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) with xanthin/xanthin oxidase (X/XO) increases proliferation, whereas(More)
Rac1 GTPase is essential for the activation of the NAD(P)H oxidase complex and, thereby, regulates the release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the vessel wall. 17 beta-estradiol (E2) inhibits vascular ROS production. To elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms we investigated the potential regulation of Rac1 by E2 in vascular smooth muscle cells.(More)
BACKGROUND An interaction of insulin with angiotensin II effects could be pathophysiologically important for the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and hypertension. METHODS AND RESULTS We examined the effect of insulin on AT1 receptor gene expression in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). A 24-hour incubation with insulin (100 nmol/L) produced a(More)
Low-density lipoprotein increases the AT1-receptor gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells. To elucidate whether elevated cholesterol serum levels upregulate the AT1 receptor and its functional response to angiotensin II in vivo, we compared 1) the vasoconstrictive effect of angiotensin II and 2) the level of expression of the vascular AT1 receptor(More)
Scleroderma currently affects approximately 75,000-100,000 individuals in the United States. Fibroblasts isolated from lesional skin of scleroderma patients overexpress collagens and other matrix components, and this abnormality is maintained for multiple passages in culture. To understand the molecular basis for matrix gene overexpression, we performed a(More)
1. The beneficial vasoprotective effects of oestrogens are hampered by their side effects on secondary sexual organs. Selective oestrogen receptor modulators (SERM) such as idoxifene may exert beneficial vascular effects without influencing cancerogenesis in breast or uterus. 2. In order to investigate vascular effects of selective oestrogen receptor(More)