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Despite the loss of locus coeruleus (LC) noradrenergic neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD), cerebrospinal fluid norepinephrine (NE) levels are normal or increased in AD. This paradox suggests compensatory upregulation of NE synthetic capacity or downregulation of the NE transporter (NET) in the remaining LC neurons. LC tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) mRNA(More)
The femoral neck is a common fracture site in elderly people. The cortical shell is thought to be the major contributor to the mechanical competence of the femoral neck, but its microstructural parameters are not sufficiently accessible under in vivo conditions with current X-ray-based methods. To systematically investigate the influences of pore size,(More)
Epigenetic processes such as dynamic promoter methylation may play a role in obesity, fat distribution and its accompanied metabolic alterations. TMEM18 is a candidate gene for body mass index (BMI) comprising the second largest effect size among all loci identified so far via GWAS. We hypothesized that differential TMEM18 gene expression in visceral (VAT)(More)
BACKGROUND Genetic variants within the bitter taste receptor gene TAS2R38 are associated with sensitivity to bitter taste and are related to eating behavior in the Amish population. Sensitivity to bitter taste is further related to anthropometric traits in an genetically isolated Italian population. We tested whether the TAS2R38 variants (rs713598;(More)
The beneficial effects of adiponectin and its negative correlation with BMI are well described. Adiponectin serum levels are altered in eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or binge eating. Here, we tested the hypothesis that (1) adiponectin serum levels correlate with human eating behavior factors and (2) that genetic variants of the(More)
The human Aldoketoreductase 1B10 gene (AKR1B10) encodes one of the enzymes belonging to the family of aldoketoreductases and may be involved in detoxification of nutrients during digestion. Further, AKR1B10 mRNA (messenger ribonucleic acid) expression was diminished in brain regions potentially involved in the regulation of eating behavior in rats which are(More)
OBJECTIVE/METHODS DNA methylation plays an important role in obesity and related metabolic complications. We examined genome-wide DNA promoter methylation along with mRNA profiles in paired samples of human subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and omental visceral adipose tissue (OVAT) from non-obese vs. obese individuals. RESULTS We identified negatively(More)
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