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Bacteria associated with the marine macroalga Laminaria saccharina, collected from the Kiel Fjord (Baltic Sea, Germany), were isolated and tested for antimicrobial activity. From a total of 210 isolates, 103 strains inhibited the growth of at least one microorganism from the test panel including Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria as well as a yeast.(More)
The present study examines the effects of ethanol (ETOH), dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and acetone on zebrafish embryos and the implications of the observed results on the use of these solvents to zebrafish early life stage tests. The embryos were exposed to different concentrations (0.0, 0.0001, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 0.05, 1, 1.5, and 2.0% v/v) of the respective(More)
Representatives of Actinobacteria were isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea collected from the Baltic Sea (Germany). For the first time, a comprehensive investigation was performed with regard to phylogenetic strain identification, secondary metabolite profiling, bioactivity determination, and genetic exploration of biosynthetic genes,(More)
Four new gamma-pyrones, nocapyrones A-D (1-4), were isolated from an organic extract of the Nocardiopsis strain HB383, which was isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea. These are the first gamma-pyrones reported from a Nocardiopsis strain. The structures were elucidated on the basis of one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments and supported by(More)
A new benz[a]anthracene derivative called mayamycin (1) was identified in cultures of Streptomyces sp. strain HB202, which was isolated from the marine sponge Halichondria panicea and selected because of its profound antibiotic activity. The ability to produce aromatic polyketides was indicated by genetic analyses, demonstrating the presence of a type II(More)
Geranylphenazinediol (1), a new phenazine natural product, was produced by the Streptomyces sp. strain LB173, which was isolated from a marine sediment sample. The structure was established by analysis of NMR and MS data. 1 inhibited the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in the low micromolar range and showed weak antibacterial activity. In order to get a more(More)
In the search for novel bioactive compounds from sponge-derived microorganisms, we have recently identified two structurally and biosynthetically unprecedented fungal metabolites, the novel-type alkaloids sorbicillactone A and sorbicillactone B. Sorbicillactone A is active against leukemia cells without showing notable cytotoxicity. Therefore, we have(More)
Transcriptional control of 3-methylcholanthrene-dependent cytochrome P-450c nuclear RNA induction was directly observed in an in vitro rat liver nuclear transcription system. Mercurated and radiolabeled ribonucleotides were incorporated into nuclear RNA transcribed in vitro, which was then isolated using thiopropyl-Sepharose 6B affinity chromatography. Dot(More)
The elongation factor G (EF-G) GTPase activity is induced by either 70S ribosomes or 50S ribosomal subunits. The GTPase activity induced by 50S ribosomal subunits is predominant at low concentrations of monovalent cations and decreases with increasing concentrations of K+ or NH4+. Double-logarithmic plots of the data reveal straight lines with different(More)