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In rod photoreceptors of wild-type mice, background light produces an acceleration of the decay of responses to brief flashes, accompanied by a decrease in the rate-limiting time constant for response decay. In rods in which phosphodiesterase gamma (PDEgamma) lacks one of its sites of phosphorylation (T35A rods), both the waveform of response decay and the(More)
PURPOSE Approximately 8% of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (RP) cases worldwide are due to defects in rod-specific phosphodiesterase PDE6, a tetramer consisting of catalytic (PDE6alpha and PDE6beta) and two regulatory (PDE6gamma) subunits. In mice homozygous for a nonsense Pde6b(rd1) allele, absence of PDE6 activity is associated with retinal(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) affects approximately one-third of diabetic patients and, if left untreated, progresses to proliferative DR (PDR) with associated vitreous hemorrhage, retinal detachment, iris neovascularization, glaucoma and irreversible blindness. In vitreous samples of human patients with PDR, we found elevated levels of hypoxia inducible factor(More)
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