Kerstin M Hofmann

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Numerous treatments have been reported to provide a beneficial outcome in experimental animal stroke models; however, these treatments (with the exception of tissue plasminogen activator) have failed in clinical trials. To improve the translation of treatment efficacy from bench to bedside, we have performed a preclinical randomized controlled multicenter(More)
Unicondylar knee arthroplasty is an attractive alternative to total knee arthroplasty for selected patients with osteoarthritis. Mobile bearing knee designs have been developed to improve knee kinematics, lower contact stresses and reduced wear of ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene compared with fixed bearing designs. This study compared in vitro wear(More)
Experimental simulator studies are frequently performed to evaluate wear behavior in total knee replacement. It is vital that the simulation conditions match the physiological situation as closely as possible. To date, few experimental wear studies have examined the effects of joint laxity on wear and joint kinematics and the absence of the anterior(More)
In two Spanish barley landraces with outstanding resistance to scald, the Rrs1 Rh4 locus was fine mapped including all known markers used in previous studies and closely linked markers were developed. Scald, caused by Rhynchosporium commune, is one of the most prevalent barley diseases worldwide. A search for new resistance sources revealed that Spanish(More)
The decision to provide antiretroviral therapy to HIV-positive patients mainly depends on the CD4(+) T-cell count, with therapy indicated at a cut-off value of <350-200 CD4(+) T cells/microl blood. Monitoring patients is still a major problem in countries with limited resources where blood samples often have to be transported over long distances to regional(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Acute brain injuries induce a systemic immune depression syndrome (SIDS) that predisposes patients to bacterial infections. While cellular compartments of this syndrome have been well characterized, the contribution of humoral immune mechanisms and particularly immunoglobulins to SIDS has not been investigated so far. METHODS We(More)
Laser-accelerated particles are a promising option for radiation therapy of cancer by potentially combining a compact, cost-efficient treatment unit with the physical advantages of charged particle beams. To design such a treatment unit we consider different dose delivery schemes and analyze the necessary devices in the required particle beam line for each(More)
Proton beams may provide superior dose-conformity in radiation therapy. However, the large sizes and costs limit the widespread use of proton therapy (PT). The recent progress in proton acceleration via high-power laser systems has made it a compelling alternative to conventional accelerators, as it could potentially reduce the overall size and cost of the(More)
PURPOSE Laser-acceleration of particles may offer a cost- and spaceefficient alternative for future radiation therapy with particles. Laser-driven particle beams are pulsed with very short bunch times, and a high number of particles is delivered within one laser shot which cannot be portioned or modulated during irradiation. The goal of this study was to(More)
BACKGROUND Knee wear simulator studies are performed to evaluate the wear behavior of implants. These wear studies simulate in vivo situations as closely as possible. Simulation of the human gait cycle is often carried out continuously according to international standards. However, implants are not loaded continuously in vivo, so it might be advisable to(More)