Kerstin Lipka

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Increased calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in external jugular venous blood during migraine attack is one of the most cited findings in the headache literature. The finding has not been convincingly reproduced and is based on comparison with historic control subjects. The validity of this finding is important for the understanding of migraine. We(More)
To test the hypothesis that permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is altered during migraine attack due to enhanced activation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), we investigated MMP-3, MMP-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteases (TIMP)-1 in the external jugular vein during and outside of migraine attacks in 21 patients with migraine without(More)
Lactic acidosis is a common cause of metabolic acidosis and is usually connected with high mortality. However, changes in the level of lactate and pH can also be seen after generalized epileptic attacks, due to local muscle hypoxia during the seizures. Although these changes can be quite marked, the condition is self-limiting and usually does not call for(More)
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