Kerstin Kaddatz

Learn More
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are nuclear receptors with essential functions in lipid, glucose and energy homeostasis, cell differentiation, inflammation and metabolic disorders, and represent important drug targets. PPARs heterodimerize with retinoid X receptors (RXRs) and can form transcriptional activator or repressor complexes at(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARs) modulate target gene expression in response to unsaturated fatty acid ligands, such as arachidonic acid (AA). Here, we report that the AA metabolite 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) activates the ligand-dependent activation domain (AF2) of PPARbeta/delta in vivo, competes with synthetic agonists in(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-beta (PPARbeta) has been implicated in tumorigenesis, but its precise role remains unclear. Here, we show that the growth of syngeneic Pparb wild-type tumors is impaired in Pparb(-/-) mice, concomitant with a diminished blood flow and an abundance of hyperplastic microvascular structures. Matrigel plugs(More)
Besides its established functions in intermediary metabolism and developmental processes, the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) has a less defined role in tumorigenesis. In the present study, we have identified a function for PPARβ/δ in cancer cell invasion. We show that two structurally divergent inhibitory ligands(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) not only play a key role in regulating metabolic pathways but also modulate inflammatory processes, pointing to a functional interaction between PPAR and cytokine signaling pathways. In this study, we show by genome-wide transcriptional profiling that PPARβ/δ and transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ)(More)
Previous work has provided strong evidence for a role of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) and transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) in inflammation and tumor stroma function, raising the possibility that both signaling pathways are interconnected. We have addressed this hypothesis by microarray analyses of human diploid fibroblasts(More)
Sabine Müller-Brüsselbach, Martin Kömhoff, Markus Rieck, Wolfgang Meissner, Kerstin Kaddatz, Jürgen Adamkiewicz, Boris Keil, Klaus J Klose, Roland Moll, Andrew D Burdick, Jeffrey M Peters and Rolf Müller* Institute of Molecular Biology and Tumor Research (IMT), PhilippsUniversity, Marburg, Germany, Department of Pediatrics, PhilippsUniversity,(More)
In the present study, we measured prostanoid synthesis and the expression of genes associated with prostanoid signaling in human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cell lines and in primary human tumors. Consistent with the proposed growth promoting role of PGE2, we found that NSCLC cell lines frequently co-expressed the genes encoding cyclooxygenase-2(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor β/δ (PPARβ/δ) is a ligand-regulated nuclear receptor with essential functions in metabolism and inflammation. We have synthesized a new derivative [methyl 3-(N-(4-(hexylamino)-2-methoxyphenyl)sulfamoyl)thiophene-2-carboxylate (ST247) structurally related to the published PPARβ/δ inhibitory ligand methyl(More)
The peroxisome proliferator activated receptor-beta (PPARbeta) plays an essential role in lipid metabolism, immune modulation, differentiation and cell proliferation. There is also strong evidence for a function in oncogenesis and tumor vascularization, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. In the present study, we have used fibroblasts(More)