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The aim of this study was to: (1) compare the usefulness, in clinical practice, of different echocardiographic methods of left ventricular (LV) function determination in patients with a recent thrombolytic-treated acute myocardial infarction (AMI); (2) compare these measurements with the reference method radionuclide imaging; and (3) evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE An increase in intima-media thickness (IMT) in the common carotid artery (CCA) is commonly used as a marker of atherosclerosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between IMT in the CCA and atherosclerosis in the carotid bifurcation. METHODS 182 consecutive patients (mean age, 67 years) referred for(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated whether, in a randomly selected population of 55-year-old men and women, there is a relationship between common carotid artery (CCA) diameter and intima-media (IM) thickness and conventional risk factors for cardiovascular disease such as gender, smoking, elevated blood lipids, and high blood pressure. METHODS CCA(More)
The objective of this study was to study cardiac valve morphology and function and ventricular function in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without co-existing cardiovascular disease (CVD) and in population controls. Twenty-six women (52 +/- 8.2 years) with SLE (SLE cases) and a history of CVD (angina pectoris, myocardial infarction,(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training and body-awareness training in female patients with Syndrome X. BACKGROUND Patients with Syndrome X, defined as effort-induced angina pectoris, a positive exercise test and a normal coronary angiogram, suffer from a chronic pain disorder. We hypothesized that this disorder(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is overrepresented in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We determined the prevalence of traditional and nontraditional risk factors for CVD in SLE patients with and without CVD compared with controls. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-six women (aged 52+/-8.2 years) with SLE and a history of CVD (SLE cases)(More)
The effects of age and gender on heart rate variability as measured by spectral and time domain analysis of 24 h ECG recordings were evaluated in 101 healthy subjects, 49 men and 52 women (20-69 years of age). In the frequency domain, total power, very low-frequency power, low-frequency power and high-frequency power were negatively correlated to age (P <(More)
OBJECTIVE Low heart rate variability (HRV) is, in several patient groups, related to poor prognosis. The underlying mechanisms are still unclear. The aim was to study if there is a relationship between HRV, which is a measure of baroreceptor function, and atherosclerosis. DESIGN The relationship between heart rate variability and carotid arterial wall(More)
The objective was to characterise function and morphology of the arterial wall in 9 elderly men (mean age 75 +/- 3.4 years) with a history of lifelong regular strenuous exercise. A control group of 11 healthy sedentary or moderately physically active men (74.5 +/- 2.7 years) was also studied. With increasing age atherosclerosis becomes more common and(More)