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Cartilage tissue engineering has an important role to play in the generation of graft material for reconstructive surgery. In cultured chondrocytes, the dedifferentiation of cells seems unavoidable for multiplication. Dedifferentiated cells produce matrix of less quality. Normal cartilage is composed of chondrocytes, which are embedded within an(More)
Plasma concentration of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) was measured in 145 healthy subjects aged one day to 18 years of age. AVP decreased with age immediately after birth. Above one year of age values of children did not significantly differ from those in adults. AVP significantly correlated with plasma and urine osmolality after water deprivation during 16 h.(More)
Despite the vasoconstrictory influence of the alpha-adrenergic system on the peripheral blood circulation the results of the sympathectomy were not satisfying in the therapy of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). The aim of the present investigation was to clarify the pathophysiologic mechanisms of this clinical observation. Free and(More)
In this paper we examine the bias towards weekend recording (the weekend effect) in volunteer phenology, using over 14,000 bird migration phenological observations from eight locations in the UK as a data source. Data from 45 bird species were used. Overall, 44% of all records were taken at weekends in contrast to the 28.6% (i.e. two out of seven days) that(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively evaluate the efficacy of the mandibular advancement device (MAD) Somnoguard in the treatment of OSA patients. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING Forty-four patients with OSA and noncompliant to continuous positive airway pressure were enrolled in this case series. Somnoguard is made of thermoplastic material. Direct intraoral fitting was(More)
Three glucose reflectance meters (Reflolux II = Accu-Chek II, Glucometer II and Hypocount GA) were tested for precision and accuracy when used by medical personnel of a diabetic outpatient department and for self-monitoring at home. In addition, the visual readability of the appropriate reagent strip was checked. All three systems were sufficiently valid(More)
In order to assess the acute metabolic effects of an intra-arterial infusion of nucleotide-nucleoside-mixture (NNM), 31P-mr-spectroscopy at the site of m. gastrocnemius and metabolite determinations from blood of the femoral artery and vein were carried out in 10 patients with PAOD stage II during ergometric calf exercise to the claudication pain limit. The(More)
A tilt-table test was performed on 12 untrained subjects to evaluate the humoral adaptation to postural change. The observed peripheral reaction with a reversible short-term rise of norepinephrine (NE) and plasma renin activity (PRA) allowed us to divide the syndrome of the orthostatic dysregulation into a hyponoradrenergic and hypernoradrenergic type. This(More)