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Cocaine- and amphetamine-regulated transcript (CART) is widely expressed in the central nervous system. Recent studies have pointed to a role for CART-derived peptides in inhibiting feeding behavior. Although these actions have generally been attributed to hypothalamic CART, it remains to be determined whether additional CART pathways exist that link(More)
The neuropeptide galanin has been shown to suppress epileptic seizures. In cortical and hippocampal areas, galanin is normally mainly expressed in noradrenergic afferents. We have generated a mouse overexpressing galanin in neurons under the platelet-derived growth factor B promoter. RIA and HPLC analysis revealed up to 8-fold higher levels of galanin in(More)
Using double-labeling techniques for both in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry some peptides and peptide receptors were studied quantitatively in a sensory and a sympathetic ganglion after axotomy. In the lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) normally no neuropeptide Y- and only a few galanin-positive cell bodies are seen. Following complete(More)
In the present study, we describe micro-surgical methods for simultaneous implantation of a microdialysis probe and an intraventricular injection cannula via their respective guide cannulas into the mouse brain. Basal and stimulated release of acetylcholine (ACh), serotonin (5-HT) and noradrenaline (NA) was determined in the ventral hippocampus of freely(More)
In most parts of the peripheral nervous system galanin is expressed at very low levels. To further understand the functional role of galanin, a mouse overexpressing galanin under the platelet-derived growth factor-B was generated, and high levels of galanin expression were observed in several peripheral tissues and spinal cord. Thus, a large proportion of(More)
The Y2 subtype of neuropeptide tyrosine (NPY) receptors (Y2R) and some neuropeptides have been studied with in situ hybridization in sensory and autonomic neurons of rat and monkey. Between 10% and 20% of the lumbar dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neuron profiles (NPs) contain Y2R mRNA in the rat and monkey. In rat DRGs Y2R mRNA is expressed in calcitonin(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is an important satiety factor, acting via the vagus nerve to influence central feeding centers. CCK binding sites have been demonstrated in the vagal sensory nodose ganglion and within the nerve proper. Using in situ hybridization, expression of the CCK(A) and (B) receptors (Rs), as well as of CCK itself, was studied in the normal(More)
Using in situ hybridization, we studied galanin-R2 receptor (GAL-R2-R) mRNA in rat lumbar 5 dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) at different time points after peripheral tissue inflammation and sciatic nerve transection (axotomy). About 25% of all normal DRG neuron profiles were GAL-R2-R mRNA-positive, and the majority was of the small type. In normal DRGs GAL-R2-R(More)
The neuropeptide galanin may have a role in modulation of nociceptive input at spinal level. Here we report that mice over-expressing galanin exhibit significant elevation of nociceptive threshold to thermal stimulation in comparison to wild-type mice as assessed by the tail flick and paw heat irradiation tests. No change in response to mechanical or cold(More)
Galanin can normally be detected only in a few dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, but it is dramatically upregulated after peripheral nerve injury in both rat and monkey. Galanin is stored in large dense core vesicles, which after axotomy are often found close to the membrane of afferent nerve endings in the dorsal horn. In the monkey there is an increase(More)