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As part of achieving national environmental goals, the Swedish Government commissioned an official report from the Swedish Medical Products Agency on environmental effects of pharmaceuticals. Considering half-lives/biodegradability, environmental occurrence, and Swedish sales statistics, 27 active pharmaceutical ingredients were selected for environmental(More)
Vitamin A has been shown to affect the in vitro metabolism of 2AAF. At low concentrations of retinol or retinyl palmitate, a decreased production of ring-hydroxylated as well as deacetylated and TV-hydroxylated metabolites was observed, measured by high performance liquid chromatography. The increased mutagenicity of 2AAF observed after addition of vitamin(More)
The irreversible binding of 14C-vinyl chloride metabolites to RNA and DNA of mouse brain, lung, liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, and testes after a single i.p. injection has been studied. Hydrolysates of nucleic acids from selected organs were separated on Aminex A6 for quantitation of alkylation products. Radioactivity in nucleic acids was registered in(More)
The transport of mercury into rat milk, and uptake in the suckling offspring was studied after peroral administration of inorganic mercury to lactating control rats, and to rats fed selenite in the diet. On day 8, 9, 10, or 11 of lactation, dams were administered a single oral dose of 0.1, 0.4, 0.7, 1.3, or 5.8 mg Hg/kg bw labeled with203mercuric acetate.(More)
The covalent binding of14C-1,1,2-trichloroethylene (14C-TRI) metabolites to calf thymus DNA in vitro and to RNA and DNA of mouse brain, lung, liver, kidney, spleen, pancreas, and testis after repeated i.p. injections has been studied. Hydrolysates of DNA reacted with14C-TRI in vitro and hydrolysates of RNA and DNA from selected organs were separated on(More)
Many parathyroid hormone (PTH)-mediated events in osteoblasts are thought to require immediate early gene expression. PTH induces the immediate early gene, c-fos, in this cell type through a cAMP-dependent pathway. The present work investigated the nuclear mechanisms involved in PTH regulation of c-fos in the osteoblastic cell line, UMR 106-01. By(More)
Individual prostanoids have distinct potencies in activating intracellular signaling pathways and regulating gene expression in osteoblastic cells. The E-series prostaglandins (PGs) are known to stimulate matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) synthesis and secretion in certain rodent and human osteoblastic cells, yet the intracellular events involved remain(More)
Rat tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) was cloned from a UMR 106-01 rat osteoblastic osteosarcoma cDNA library. The 969-bp full-length clone demonstrates 98 and 86% sequence identity to human TIMP-2 at the amino acid and nucleic acid levels, respectively. Parathyroid hormone (PTH), at 10(-8) M, stimulates an approximately twofold increase in(More)
As part of achieving national environmental goals, the Swedish Government commissioned a report from the Swedish Medical Products Agency on environmental effects of pharmaceuticals and cosmetics and hygiene products. Five excipients used in pharmaceutical products were selected for environmental risk assessments, applying the computer-based model EUSES.(More)
The rat osteoblastic osteosarcoma cell line UMR 106-01 secretes interstitial collagenase in response to retinoic acid (RA). The present study demonstrates by Northern blot analysis that RA causes an increase in collagenase messenger RNA (mRNA) at 6 h, which is maximal at 24 h (20.5 times basal) and declines toward basal level by 72 h. This stimulation is(More)