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BACKGROUND There is uncertainty about the health of children born from in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) with cryopreserved embryos. We investigated the postnatal growth and health (up to 18 months) of these children compared with those born after standard IVF with fresh embryos and those from spontaneous pregnancies. METHODS 255 children from cryopreserved(More)
Retinopathy of prematurity is a blinding disease, initiated by lack of retinal vascular growth after premature birth. We show that lack of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in knockout mice prevents normal retinal vascular growth, despite the presence of vascular endothelial growth factor, important to vessel development. In vitro, low levels of IGF-I(More)
BACKGROUND Growth hormone (GH) contributes to insulin resistance, but whether children treated with GH are at increased risk of diabetes has not been established. We undertook a retrospective analysis of data from an international pharmacoepidemiological survey of children treated with GH to find out the incidence of impaired glucose tolerance and types 1(More)
The relationship between 24-h GH secretion, insulin-like growth factor (IGF) I serum levels, IGF-binding protein 3 (IGFBP-3) levels and height was studied in 114 healthy children and adolescents (147 tests). A significant correlation was found between the spontaneous GH secretion expressed as the area under the curve above baseline (AUCb) or the calculated(More)
This first report from a population-based postnatal growth study of 3650 healthy Swedish subjects born at full term provides new reference values for height and weight and shows that over the last 20 years there has been a small secular trend in height (0.2-0.4 SDS over the whole age range) in Sweden in both boys and girls. Within this cohort, 111 (3.1%)(More)
Postmarketing surveillance studies of recombinant human GH therapy, such as the Kabi Pharmacia International Growth Study (KIGS; Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc., International Growth Database), have accumulated extensive data concerning the characteristics and growth outcomes of children with various causes of short stature. These data provide an opportunity to(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to follow changes in body composition, estimated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), in relation to changes in leptin during the first year of GH therapy in order to test the hypothesis that leptin is a metabolic signal involved in the regulation of GH secretion in children. DESIGN AND METHODS In total, 33(More)
The growth response to GH treatment varies between children. Besides regulating longitudinal growth, GH exerts important metabolic effects, including lipolysis. In this study we examined whether GH-induced changes in serum levels of the adipose tissue-derived hormone leptin can be used as a marker for the long term growth response to GH treatment in short(More)
AIM To determine the regional prevalence, secular and family-related trends of obesity and overweight among 10-y-old children. METHODS A cross-sectional study of 10-y-old children, born in 1990, was performed during September 2000 to June 2001 at school health centres in three communities in the western part of Sweden. Evaluation was performed in 6311(More)